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PHP迭代与递归实现无限级分类

无限级分类是开发中常见的情况,因此本文对常见的无限极分类算法进行总结归纳.

1.循环迭代实现

 1 $arr = [ 2     1=>['id'=>1,'name'=>'父1','father'=>NULL], 3     2=>['id'=>2,'name'=>'父2','father'=>NULL], 4     3=>['id'=>3,'name'=>'父3','father'=>NULL], 5     4=>['id'=>4,'name'=>'儿1-1','father'=>1], 6     5=>['id'=>5,'name'=>'儿1-2','father'=>1], 7     6=>['id'=>6,'name'=>'儿1-3','father'=>1], 8     7=>['id'=>7,'name'=>'儿2-1','father'=>2], 9     8=>['id'=>8,'name'=>'儿2-1','father'=>2],10     9=>['id'=>9,'name'=>'儿3-1','father'=>3],11     10=>['id'=>10,'name'=>'儿3-1-1','father'=>9],12     11=>['id'=>11,'name'=>'儿1-1-1','father'=>4],13     12=>['id'=>12,'name'=>'儿2-1-1','father'=>7],14 ];15 function generateTree($items){16     $tree = array();17     foreach($items as $item){18         if(isset($items[$item['father']])){19             $items[$item['father']]['son'][] = &$items[$item['id']]; 20         }else{21             $tree[] = &$items[$item['id']];22         }23     }24     return $tree;25 }26 $tree = generateTree($arr);27 print_r(json_encode($tree));

输出:

<a href=PHP迭代与递归实现无限级分类-">

分析:

这个算法利用了循环迭代,将线性结构按照父子关系以树形结构输出,算法的关键在于使用了引用.

优点:速度快,效率高.

缺点:数组的key值必须与id值相同,不便于取出数据(使用递归获取数据)

2.递归实现

$arr = [    0=>['id'=>1,'name'=>'父1','father'=>0],    1=>['id'=>2,'name'=>'父2','father'=>0],    2=>['id'=>3,'name'=>'父3','father'=>0],    3=>['id'=>4,'name'=>'儿1-1','father'=>1],    4=>['id'=>5,'name'=>'儿1-2','father'=>1],    5=>['id'=>6,'name'=>'儿1-3','father'=>1],    6=>['id'=>7,'name'=>'儿2-1','father'=>2],    7=>['id'=>8,'name'=>'儿2-1','father'=>2],    8=>['id'=>9,'name'=>'儿3-1','father'=>3],    9=>['id'=>10,'name'=>'儿3-1-1','father'=>9],    10=>['id'=>11,'name'=>'儿1-1-1','father'=>4],    11=>['id'=>12,'name'=>'儿2-1-1','father'=>7],];function generateTree($arr,$id,$step){    static $tree=[];    foreach($arr as $key=>$val) {        if($val['father'] == $id) {            $flg = str_repeat('└―',$step);            $val['name'] = $flg.$val['name'];            $tree[] = $val;            generateTree($arr , $val['id'] ,$step+1);        }    }    return $tree;}$tree = generateTree($arr,0,0);foreach ($tree as $val){    echo $val['name'].'<br>';}

 输出:

PHP迭代与递归实现无限级分类-

分析:


利用了递归,数组的key值与id值可以不相同,最后以顺序的结构输出数组

优点:方便遍历,查找父子元素

缺点:php不擅长递归,数据量大的情况下效率会显著降低

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