Harbor1.9 部署并配置https

ghl1024 2020-02-05

docker 配置 镜像 centos login harbor

为什么要使用https协议

因为不用 https 协议的话,docker 客户端需要修改配置,如果 docker 客户端多的话配置起来就很麻烦。

版本信息

  • OS:CentOS Linux 7.6 Release
  • Docker:18.09.6
  • Docker-compose:1.24.1
  • Harbor:harbor-offline-installer-v1.9.0
  • IP:172.0.0.11

1. 安装docker

1.1 配置repository:

yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
yum-config-manager --add-repo https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

1.2 安装最新版本docker-ce

yum install -y docker-ce

1.3 配置docker加速

curl -sSL https://get.daocloud.io/daotools/set_mirror.sh | sh -s http://f1361db2.m.daocloud.io
systemctl restart docker.service

1.4 启动docker:

systemctl start docker
systemctl enable docker

2. 安装docker-compose

2.1 下载二进制文件

curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.24.1/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
  • 如果需要安装其他版本的话,请修改上面命令中的版本号。

2.2 赋予二进制文件可执行权限

chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
ln -s /usr/local/bin/docker-compose /usr/bin/docker-compose

2.3 根据自己的情况决定是否安装命令补全功能

yum install -y bash-completion 
curl -L https://raw.githubusercontent.com/docker/compose/1.24.1/contrib/completion/bash/docker-compose -o /etc/bash_completion.d/docker-compose

2.4 测试是否安装成功

docker-compose --version

3. harbor开启https

  • 如果使用 1.8 或者 1.9 版本,切记配置文件中 https 需要顶格,证书和 port 需要缩进相同单位,不然会报错。

3.1 创建 ca 证书

mkdir -p /data/cert
cd /data/cert

3.2 生成 CAkey

cd /data/cert
openssl genrsa -out ca.key 4096

3.3 生成 CAcrt

cd /data/cert
openssl req -x509 -new -nodes -sha512 -days 3650 \
    -subj "/C=CN/ST=Beijing/L=Beijing/O=chinatelecom/OU=ecloudcaas/CN=172.0.0.11" \
    -key ca.key \
    -out ca.crt

3.4 生成自己域名的 key

cd /data/cert
openssl genrsa -out 172.0.0.11.key 4096

3.5 生成自己域名的 csr

cd /data/cert
openssl req -sha512 -new \
    -subj "/C=CN/ST=Beijing/L=Beijing/O=chinatelecom/OU=ecloudcaas/CN=172.0.0.11" \
    -key 172.0.0.11.key \
    -out 172.0.0.11.csr 

3.6 生成一个 openssl 命令需要的外部配置文件

主要是subjectAltName,这里写的IP.1=yourip还可以写DNS.1=yourdomainname
cd /data/cert
cat > v3.ext <<-EOF
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer
basicConstraints=CA:FALSE
keyUsage = digitalSignature, nonRepudiation, keyEncipherment, dataEncipherment
extendedKeyUsage = serverAuth 
subjectAltName = @alt_names
[alt_names]
IP=172.0.0.11
EOF

3.7 通过 extcsr 生成 crt

cd /data/cert
openssl x509 -req -sha512 -days 3650 \
    -extfile v3.ext \
    -CA ca.crt -CAkey ca.key -CAcreateserial \
    -in 172.0.0.11.csr \
    -out 172.0.0.11.crt

3.8 将服务端的 crt 转换成客户端用的 cert

cd /data/cert
openssl x509 -inform PEM -in 172.0.0.11.crt -out 172.0.0.11.cert

3.9 将带域名的 certkeyca.crt 拷贝到 docker client 所在主机的 /etc/docker/certs.d/yourdomain/ 目录下

mkdir -p /etc/docker/cert/172.0.0.11
cp /data/cert/172.0.0.11.cert /etc/docker/cert/172.0.0.11/
cp /data/cert/172.0.0.11.key /etc/docker/cert/172.0.0.11/
cp /data/cert/ca.crt /etc/docker/cert/172.0.0.11/

3.10 创建 /etc/docker/daemon

cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json << EOF
{ "insecure-registries":["http://172.0.0.11"] }
EOF

3.11 重启 docker

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker

4. 安装 Harbor

4.1 下载 harbor 离线包

mkdir -p /home/harbor/
wget -P /home/harbor/ https://storage.googleapis.com/harbor-releases/release-1.9.0/harbor-offline-installer-v1.9.0.tgz
cd /home/harbor/
tar xf harbor-offline-installer-v1.9.0.tgz
cd /home/harbor/harbor
cp harbor.yml harbor.yml.bak

4.2 修改配置文件

  • 其他地方不修改,只改以下几处:
cd /home/harbor/harbor/
[root@harbor harbor]# egrep -v "^#|^$" harbor.yml|grep -v "#"
https:
   port: 443
   certificate: /home/harbor/cert/172.0.0.11.crt
   private_key: /home/harbor/cert/172.0.0.11.key

4.3 更新参数

cd /home/harbor/harbor/
./prepare   

4.4 安装

cd /home/harbor/harbor/ 
./install

4.5 查看

  • Harbor 的日常运维管理是通过 docker-compose 来完成的,Harbor 本身有多个服务进程,都放在 docker 容器之中运行,可以通过 docker ps 或者 docker-compose 来查看:
cd /home/harbor/harbor/
[root@harbor harbor]# docker-compose ps
       Name                     Command                       State                                        Ports                              
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
harbor-adminserver   /harbor/start.sh                 Restarting                                                                              
harbor-core          /harbor/start.sh                 Up (health: starting)                                                                   
harbor-db            /entrypoint.sh postgres          Up (healthy)            5432/tcp                                                        
harbor-jobservice    /harbor/start.sh                 Up                                                                                      
harbor-log           /bin/sh -c /usr/local/bin/ ...   Up (healthy)            127.0.0.1:1514->10514/tcp                                       
harbor-portal        nginx -g daemon off;             Up (healthy)            80/tcp                                                          
nginx                nginx -g daemon off;             Up (healthy)            0.0.0.0:443->443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:4443->4443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp
redis                docker-entrypoint.sh redis ...   Up                      6379/tcp                                                        
registry             /entrypoint.sh /etc/regist ...   Up (healthy)            5000/tcp                                                        
registryctl          /harbor/start.sh                 Up (healthy)                                                                            
[root@harbor harbor]# 

5. 网页登录和创建项目

  • 在浏览器输入: https://172.0.0.11
  • 默认账号密码: admin / Harbor12345
  • 创建一个项目:os
    20200205172801

20200205172603

6. 镜像的推送

6.1 下载官方的 centos 镜像

docker pull centos:7.4.1708

6.2 修改 TAG

docker tag centos:7.4.1708 172.0.0.11/os/centos:7.4.1708
docker images | grep centos
172.0.0.11/os/centos           7.4.1708            3afd47092a0e        2 months ago        197MB
centos                           7.4.1708            3afd47092a0e        2 months ago        197MB

6.3 命令行登录 harbor

cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json << EOF
{ "insecure-registries":["http://172.0.0.11"] }
EOF
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker
[root@harbor harbor]# docker login 172.0.0.11
Username: admin
Password: Harbor12345
WARNING! Your password will be stored unencrypted in /root/.docker/config.json.
Configure a credential helper to remove this warning. See
https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/commandline/login/#credentials-store
Login Succeeded

6.4 推送镜像到harbor(需要login)

docker push 172.0.0.11/os/centos:7.4.1708

6.5 在 harbor 中查看

20200205172512

7. 镜像的拉取

  • 假设是一台没有登录此 harbordocker 客户端

7.1 创建 /etc/docker/daemon.json 文件

{
  "registry-mirrors": ["https:mirror.ccs.tencentyun.com","https://kuamavit.mirror.aliyuncs.com", "https://registry.docker-cn.com", "https://docker.mirrors.ustc.edu.cn"], 
  "insecure-registries" : ["http://172.0.0.11"],
  "max-concurrent-downloads": 10,
  "log-driver": "json-file",
  "log-level": "warn",
  "log-opts": {
    "max-size": "10m",
    "max-file": "3"
    }
}

7.2 重启Docker生效

systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart docker

7.3 拉取 harbor 中的镜像

docker login 172.0.0.11
docker pull 172.0.0.11/os/centos:7.4.1708
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