一文搞定linux N个服务的搭建

甜辣 2019-09-28

nginx 系统研发与运维 linux redis mysql ubuntu shell yum 配置 Maven aliyun update list

搭建开发测试环境非常麻烦,公司的开发测试服务器中毒做数据恢复,顺带整理下搭建的方式。

本人是程序员,linux系统知识比较薄弱,故系统的安全方面本文未涉及,请酌情做安全策略

本来是内网服务器,用frp暴露到了公网,导致被挖矿。。感觉frp还是不安全,现在只能在需要穿透的
时候开下,其他时候关闭。

mysql数据备份和恢复参考:https://juejin.im/post/5d8b8587f265da5b752598a1

SpringBoot整合jwt和mybatis-plus的脚手架项目

基本配置

安装基本命令

有些命令可能未默认安装,如果发现命令无法使用,再通过下面的方式进行安装。

安装ifconfig

centos 7中自带的查看网络的命令是: ip addr

如果还是想要 ifconfig

安装net-tools

yum install net-tools

安装vim

yum install vim

网络配置

如果是虚拟机模式,VM box的网络模式修改为桥接

修改hostname

修改ip地址

命令为:

[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-enp0s3

修改为如下即可,然后重启网卡service network restart

TYPE="Ethernet"
PROXY_METHOD="none"
BROWSER_ONLY="no"
BOOTPROTO="static"                   ###修改为static模式才能配置ip,默认是dhcp模式
IPADDR="192.168.1.254"               ###网卡IP地址
BROADCAST-"192.168.1.255"            ###子网广播地址
GATEWAY="192.168.1.1"                 ###网关地址
NETMASK="255.255.255.0"                 ###网卡对应网络掩码
DNS1="192.168.1.1"                     ###DNS地址
DEFROUTE="yes"
IPV4_FAILURE_FATAL="no"
IPV6INIT="yes"
IPV6_AUTOCONF="yes"
IPV6_DEFROUTE="yes"
IPV6_FAILURE_FATAL="no"
IPV6_ADDR_GEN_MODE="stable-privacy"
NAME="enp0s3"
UUID="226a0768-3a2f-4485-9694-d8fea85694ad"
DEVICE="enp0s3"
ONBOOT="yes"            #系统启动时是否设置此网络接口,设置为yes时,系统启动时激活此设备。默认设置为yes。

修改dns

1) vi /etc/resolv.conf
[root@localhost ~]# vi /etc/resolv.conf
# Generated by NetworkManager
nameserver 192.168.1.1        #本机的网关地址(路由器的地址),在ip配置的时候有指定
nameserver 114.114.114.114    #其他dns
naemserver 1.1.1.1

search localdomain
3)确保可用DNS解析

[root@localhost Desktop]# grep hosts /etc/nsswitch.conf

配置更新源

配置更新源为阿里源

新建sourceSet.sh文件,贴上如下代码执行即可:

chmod 775 sourceSet.sh

#!/bin/bash
#########################################
#Function:    update source
#Usage:       bash update_source.sh
#Author:      Customer service department
#Company:     Alibaba Cloud Computing
#Version:     5.0
#########################################

check_os_release()
{
  while true
  do
    os_release=$(grep "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release" /etc/issue 2>/dev/null)
    os_release_2=$(grep "Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release" /etc/redhat-release 2>/dev/null)
    if [ "$os_release" ] && [ "$os_release_2" ]
    then
      if echo "$os_release"|grep "release 5" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=redhat5
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release"|grep "release 6" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=redhat6
        echo "$os_release"
      else
        os_release=""
        echo "$os_release"
      fi
      break
    fi
    os_release=$(grep "Aliyun Linux release" /etc/issue 2>/dev/null)
    os_release_2=$(grep "Aliyun Linux release" /etc/aliyun-release 2>/dev/null)
    if [ "$os_release" ] && [ "$os_release_2" ]
    then
      if echo "$os_release"|grep "release 5" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=aliyun5
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release"|grep "release 6" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=aliyun6
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release"|grep "release 7" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=aliyun7
        echo "$os_release"
      else
        os_release=""
        echo "$os_release"
      fi
      break
    fi
    os_release_2=$(grep "CentOS" /etc/*release 2>/dev/null)
    if [ "$os_release_2" ]
    then
      if echo "$os_release_2"|grep "release 5" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=centos5
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release_2"|grep "release 6" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=centos6
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release_2"|grep "release 7" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=centos7
        echo "$os_release"
      else
        os_release=""
        echo "$os_release"
      fi
      break
    fi
    os_release=$(grep -i "ubuntu" /etc/issue 2>/dev/null)
    os_release_2=$(grep -i "ubuntu" /etc/lsb-release 2>/dev/null)
    if [ "$os_release" ] && [ "$os_release_2" ]
    then
      if echo "$os_release"|grep "Ubuntu 10" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=ubuntu10
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release"|grep "Ubuntu 12.04" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=ubuntu1204
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release"|grep "Ubuntu 12.10" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=ubuntu1210
        echo "$os_release"
     elif echo "$os_release"|grep "Ubuntu 14.04" >/dev/null 2>&1
     then
        os_release=ubuntu1204
        echo "$os_release" 
      else
        os_release=""
        echo "$os_release"
      fi
      break
    fi
    os_release=$(grep -i "debian" /etc/issue 2>/dev/null)
    os_release_2=$(grep -i "debian" /proc/version 2>/dev/null)
    if [ "$os_release" ] && [ "$os_release_2" ]
    then
      if echo "$os_release"|grep "Linux 6" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=debian6
        echo "$os_release"
      elif echo "$os_release"|grep "Linux 7" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=debian7
        echo "$os_release"
      else
        os_release=""
        echo "$os_release"
      fi
      break
    fi
    os_release=$(grep -i "opensuse" /etc/issue 2>/dev/null)
    os_release_2=$(grep -i "opensuse" /etc/*release 2>/dev/null)
    if [ "$os_release" ] && [ "$os_release_2" ]
    then
      if echo "$os_release"|grep "openSUSE 13.1" >/dev/null 2>&1
      then
        os_release=opensuse1301
        echo "$os_release"
      else
        os_release=""
        echo "$os_release"
      fi
      break
    fi
    break
    done
}

modify_aliyun5_yum()
{
  wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-5.repo
  sed -i 's/\$releasever/5/' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
  wget -qO /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-5.repo
  yum clean metadata
  yum makecache
  cd ~
}

modify_rhel5_yum()
{
  wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-5.repo
  wget -qO /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-5.repo
  yum clean metadata
  yum makecache
  cd ~
}

modify_rhel6_yum()
{
  wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-6.repo
  wget -qO /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-6.repo
  yum clean metadata
  yum makecache
  cd ~
}

modify_rhel7_yum()
{
  wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
  wget -qO /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo
  yum clean metadata
  yum makecache
  cd ~
}

update_ubuntu10_apt_source()
{
echo -e "\033[40;32mBackup the original configuration file,new name and path is /etc/apt/sources.list.back.\n\033[40;37m"
cp -fp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.back
cat > /etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
#ubuntu
deb http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ maverick main restricted universe multiverse
#163
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ maverick main universe restricted multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ maverick main universe restricted multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates universe main multiverse restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates universe main multiverse restricted
#lupaworld
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick main universe restricted multiverse
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick main universe restricted multiverse
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security universe main multiverse restricted
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-security universe main multiverse restricted
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates universe main multiverse restricted
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-proposed universe main multiverse restricted
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-proposed universe main multiverse restricted
deb http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-backports universe main multiverse restricted
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-backports universe main multiverse restricted
deb-src http://mirror.lupaworld.com/ubuntu/ maverick-updates universe main multiverse restricted
EOF
apt-get update
}

update_ubuntu1204_apt_source()
{
echo -e "\033[40;32mBackup the original configuration file,new name and path is /etc/apt/sources.list.back.\n\033[40;37m"
cp -fp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.back
cat > /etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
#12.04
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
EOF
apt-get update
}

update_ubuntu1210_apt_source()
{
echo -e "\033[40;32mBackup the original configuration file,new name and path is /etc/apt/sources.list.back.\n\033[40;37m"
cp -fp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.back
cat > /etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
#12.10
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ quantal-backports main restricted universe multiverse
EOF
apt-get update
}

update_ubuntu1404_apt_source()
{
echo -e "\033[40;32mBackup the original configuration file,new name and path is /etc/apt/sources.list.back.\n\033[40;37m"
cp -fp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.back
cat > /etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
#14.04
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-security main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/ubuntu/ trusty-backports main restricted universe multiverse
EOF
apt-get update
}

update_debian6_apt_source()
{
echo -e "\033[40;32mBackup the original configuration file,new name and path is /etc/apt/sources.list.back.\n\033[40;37m"
cp -fp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.back
cat > /etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
#debian6
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ squeeze main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ squeeze-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
EOF
apt-get update
}

update_debian7_apt_source()
{
echo -e "\033[40;32mBackup the original configuration file,new name and path is /etc/apt/sources.list.back.\n\033[40;37m"
cp -fp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.back
cat > /etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
#debian7
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ wheezy main non-free contrib
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ wheezy-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ wheezy main non-free contrib
deb-src http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian/ wheezy-proposed-updates main non-free contrib
EOF
apt-get update
}

update_opensuse_source()
{
  mv /etc/zypp/repos.d/* /tmp/
  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/distribution/13.1/repo/oss/ openSUSE-13.1-Oss
  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/distribution/13.1/repo/non-oss/ openSUSE-13.1-Non-Oss
  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/update/13.1/ openSUSE-13.1-Update-Oss
  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/update/13.1-non-oss/ openSUSE-13.1-Update-Non-Oss
  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/distribution/13.1/repo/oss/ openSUSE-13.1-Oss-aliyun
  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/distribution/13.1/repo/non-oss/ openSUSE-13.1-Non-Oss-aliyun  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/update/13.1/ openSUSE-13.1-Update-Oss-aliyun
  zypper addrepo -f http://mirrors.aliyun.com/opensuse/update/13.1-non-oss/ openSUSE-13.1-Update-Non-Oss-aliyun
}

####################Start###################
#check lock file ,one time only let the script run one time 
LOCKfile=/tmp/.$(basename $0)
if [ -f "$LOCKfile" ]
then
  echo -e "\033[1;40;31mThe script is already exist,please next time to run this script.\n\033[0m"
  exit
else
  echo -e "\033[40;32mStep 1.No lock file,begin to create lock file and continue.\n\033[40;37m"
  touch $LOCKfile
fi

#check user
if [ $(id -u) != "0" ]
then
  echo -e "\033[1;40;31mError: You must be root to run this script, please use root to install this script.\n\033[0m"
  rm -rf $LOCKfile
  exit 1
fi
echo -e "\033[40;32mStep 2.Begin to check the OS issue.\n\033[40;37m"
os_release=$(check_os_release)
if [ "X$os_release" == "X" ]
then
  echo -e "\033[1;40;31mThe OS does not identify,So this script is not executede.\n\033[0m"
  rm -rf $LOCKfile
  exit 0
else
  echo -e "\033[40;32mThis OS is $os_release.\n\033[40;37m"
fi

echo -e "\033[40;32mStep 3.Begin to modify the source configration file and update.\n\033[40;37m"
case "$os_release" in
aliyun5)
  modify_aliyun5_yum
  ;;
redhat5|centos5)
  modify_rhel5_yum
  ;;
redhat6|centos6|aliyun6)
  modify_rhel6_yum
  ;;
centos7|aliyun7)
  modify_rhel7_yum
  ;;
ubuntu10)
  update_ubuntu10_apt_source
  ;;
ubuntu1204)
  update_ubuntu1204_apt_source
  ;;
ubuntu1210)
  update_ubuntu1210_apt_source
  ;;
ubuntu1404)
  update_ubuntu1404_apt_source
  ;;
debian6)
  update_debian6_apt_source
  ;;
debian7)
  update_debian7_apt_source
  ;;
opensuse1301)
  update_opensuse_source
  ;;
esac
echo -e "\033[40;32mSuccess,exit now!\n\033[40;37m"
rm -rf $LOCKfile

开发环境

JDK

下载jdk

最新jdk1.8.0_211我已经上传到网盘:

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1B9DRL5iZsPzqn1hVN325kw
提取码:5e92 复制这段内容后打开百度网盘手机App,操作更方便哦)

上传和解压到该路径:
/usr/local/base/jdk1.8.0_211

设置环境变量:

vi /etc/profile
在最后添加如下内容:

#java environment
export JAVA_HOME=/data/jdk1.8.0_211
export CLASSPATH=.:${JAVA_HOME}/jre/lib/rt.jar:${JAVA_HOME}/lib/dt.jar:${JAVA_HOME}/lib/tools.jar
export PATH=$PATH:${JAVA_HOME}/bin
重新加载环境变量:
[root@izwz9hy3mj62nle7573jv5z jdk1.8.0_181]# source /etc/profile
[root@izwz9hy3mj62nle7573jv5z jdk1.8.0_181]# java -version
java version "1.8.0_181"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_181-b13)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.181-b13, mixed mode)

卸载jdk:

如果需要卸载,那么删除环境变量和jdk解压后的目录即可。

安装服务

nginx

添加源

# rpm -ivh http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/noarch/RPMS/nginx-release-centos-7-0.el7.ngx.noarch.rpm

安装

yum install -y nginx

查看安装后的目录

# whereis nginx
nginx: /usr/sbin/nginx /usr/lib64/nginx /etc/nginx /usr/share/nginx /usr/share/man/man8/nginx.8.gz /usr/share/man/man3/nginx.3pm.gz
  • Nginx配置路径:/etc/nginx/
  • 执行程序路径:/usr/sbin/nginx
  • PID目录:/var/run/nginx.pid
  • 错误日志:/var/log/nginx/error.log
  • 访问日志:/var/log/nginx/access.log
  • 默认站点目录:/usr/share/nginx/html

需要主要的是配置路径执行程序路径

启停命令

#启动
[root@nginx]#/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
#检测配置
[root@nginx]#/usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf -t
#重启
[root@nginx]# /usr/sbin/nginx -s reload
[root@nginx]# /usr/sbin/nginx -c /etc/nginx/nginx.conf -s reload

测试

如果显示表示成功

[root@zhirui-base nginx]# curl localhost:80
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.1//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml11/DTD/xhtml11.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en">
    <head>
        <title>Test Page for the Nginx HTTP Server on Fedora</title>
        <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" />
        <style type="text/css">
       ...

当然也可以在浏览器打开网址测试。

记得防火墙放开端口!,CentOS7防火墙操作参考:https://juejin.im/post/5d3b264551882504b7122127

nginx配置文件配置参考:

https://juejin.im/post/5d7e3f51f265da03a31d687b

https://juejin.im/post/5d81906c518825300a3ec7ca

mysql

安装:

这里安装的是mariadb,mariadb和mysql是可以通用的,是mysql的开源分支,比mysql更加有前景。

# yum install mariadb-server mariadb 

配置配置文件:

#vim /etc/my.cnf
[mysqld]
character-set-server = utf8    #设置默认编码, 在[mysqld]下配置,[client][mysql]不配置!!!
lower_case_table_names = 1   #配置大小写不敏感, 查询时不区分大小写, 1:不区分, 0:区分
group_concat_max_len = 204800  #修改最大返回字符串的长度

启停操作:

systemctl start mariadb  #启动MariaDB
systemctl stop mariadb  #停止MariaDB
systemctl restart mariadb  #重启MariaDB
systemctl enable mariadb  #设置开机启动

配置帐号和权限

第一次登陆的时候不需要密码

# mysql -uroot -p
use mysql;
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password' WITH GRANT OPTION;
update user set password=password("123456") where user='root';
flush privileges;
exit

添加端口到防火墙,并重启防火墙:

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=3306/tcp --permanent
firewall-cmd --reload

如果需要卸载使用如下方式:

参考:https://www.cnblogs.com/javahr/p/9245443.html

  1. 使用以下命令查看当前安装mysql情况,查找以前是否装有mysql
`rpm -qa|grep -i mysql`

  可以看到如下图的所示:

img

  显示之前安装了:

​    MySQL-client-5.5.25a-1.rhel5

​   MySQL-server-5.5.25a-1.rhel5

  1. 停止mysql服务、删除之前安装的mysql

  删除命令:rpm -e –nodeps 包名

  rpm -ev --nodeps MySQL-client-5.5.25a-1.rhel5
  rpm -ev --nodeps MySQL-server-5.5.25a-1.rhel5
  1. 查找之前老版本mysql的目录、并且删除老版本mysql的文件和库**
`find / -name mysql`

  查找结果如下:

`find / -name mysql` `/var/lib/mysql``/var/lib/mysql/mysql``/usr/lib64/mysql  `

  删除对应的mysql目录

`rm -rf /var/lib/mysql``rm -rf /var/lib/mysql``rm -rf /usr/lib64/mysql`

  具体的步骤如图:查找目录并删除

img

  注意:卸载后/etc/my.cnf不会删除,需要进行手工删除

`rm -rf /etc/my.cnf`
  1. 再次查找机器是否安装mysql
`rpm -qa|grep -i mysql`

如果是yum命令安装的还需要执行如下命令:

yum remove mariadb*

yum remove mysql*

redis

安装一个仓库

为了能够实现yum命令安装,故先需要安装该仓库

yum install epel-release

安装redis数据库

`yum ``install` `redis`

安装完毕后,使用下面的命令启动redis服务

`# 启动redis``service redis start``# 停止redis``service redis stop``# 查看redis运行状态``service redis status``# 查看redis进程``ps` `-ef | ``grep` `redis`

设置redis为开机自动启动

`chkconfig redis on`

进入redis服务

`# 进入本机redis``redis-cli``# 列出所有key``keys *`

修改配置

打开配置文件
`vi` `/etc/redis``.conf`
修改默认端口

查找 port 6379 修改为相应端口即可

修改默认密码

查找 requirepass foobared 将 foobared 修改为你的密码

允许远程访问
# 找到 bind 127.0.0.1 将其注释
# 找到 protected-mode yes 将其改为
protected-mode no

nexus

安装

官网地址:https://www.sonatype.com/download-oss-sonatype

# cd /opt
# wget https://download.sonatype.com/nexus/3/nexus-3.2.0-01-unix.tar.gz
# tar zxvf nexus-3.2.0-01-unix.tar.gz

解压后,在当前目录中除了nexus-3.2.0-01还有一个sonatyoe-work目录,用户存放仓库数据的,可根据需要将其改为其他路径,或使用软链接的方式。
这里说下通过改配置文件的方式,将其改为其他路径吧。
查看nexus-3.2.0-01/bin/nexus.vmoptions文件:

# vim /opt/nexus-3.2.0-01/bin/nexus.vmoptions

分别对应着以下属性,有需求可以修改:

-XX:LogFile=../sonatype-work/nexus3/log/jvm.log
-Dkaraf.data=../sonatype-work/nexus3
-Djava.io.tmpdir=../sonatype-work/nexus3/tmp

sonatype-work/nexus3/etc的目录下有个配置文件nexus.properties,可以配置对应的ip地址和端口

用vim打开文件:

vim nexus.properties

默认是如下配置,如果ip冲突可以按需修改端口等:

# Jetty section
# application-port=8081
# application-host=0.0.0.0
# nexus-args=${jetty.etc}/jetty.xml,${jetty.etc}/jetty-http.xml,${jetty.etc}/jetty-requestlog.xml
# nexus-context-path=/
...

也可以在nexus-3.2.0-01/bin/nexus.rc上指定新的帐号运行nexus。

编辑nexus.rc:

run_as_user="nexus"

那么linux系统中需要添加一个叫做nexus的用户,用来启动nexus。

配置

访问nexus:http://serverip:8081,配置之前需要先登录

默认帐号是admin,默认密码是admin123

配置maven-central

修改central仓库的远程仓库地址(建议修改成spring或者阿里云的仓库)

仓库地址如下:

1.http://repo1.maven.org/maven2 (官方,速度一般)
2.http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/repositories/central/ (阿里云,速度快)
3.http://repository.jboss.com/maven2/
4.<https://repository.sonatype.org/content/groups/public/> 
5.http://mvnrepository.com/

修改后rebuild下index

配置第三方仓库

该仓库用于上传私有jar用。

点击Create repository填写名称3rd-repo,其他默认即可。

配置maven-public

maven-public是nexus的中心组,我们使用的nexus的url填写的就是这个组的地址。所以我们需要在这里将刚刚创建的仓库添加到这个组里面。

选中,添加到右边即可:

maven部署到nexus

我在这里整理了几种部署到maven的方式:https://juejin.im/post/5d8b7a40f265da5ba273ac05

git

安装jinkens之前需要安装git,直接用yum命令进行安装

# yum install git

安装后需要通过如下方式找到git程序位置,后面的jenkins需要使用。

# find / -name git
/usr/bin/git

可以查看到git所在位置为/usr/bin/git

查看git的版本

# git --version
git version 1.8.3.1

maven

安装

安装jinkens之前需要安装maven

下载页:http://maven.apache.org/download.cgi

下载和安装:

wget http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/apache/maven/maven-3/3.6.2/binaries/apache-maven-3.6.2-bin.tar.gz
tar -zxf apache-maven-3.6.2-bin.tar.gz
mv apache-maven-3.6.2
cd apache-maven-3.6.2/conf
vim settings.xml 

settings.xml配置

在conf目录下,有个settings.xml,在使用前需要进行配置。

如果配置后jenkins无法构建,请参考:《[maven配置:jenkins的生产环境]()》

需要配置的几个配置项:

  1. 配置下载jar的存储路径
<localRepository>/path/to/local/repo</localRepository>
  1. <mirrors> </mirrors>下配置仓库地址

我在jenkins构建的时候,同时配置了下面两个仓库,程序需要的私服私有jar一直跑去阿里云下载,然后提示下载不下来。如果出现这种情况,请只保留私服的仓库地址试试。

<!-- 私服地址 -->
<mirror>
    <id>com.zhirui.group</id>
    <mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>
    <name>com.zhirui.group</name>
    <url>http://192.168.1.254:8081/repository/maven-public/</url>
</mirror>
<!-- 阿里云的仓库地址 -->
<mirror>
    <id>alimaven</id>
    <name>aliyun maven</name>
    <url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>
    <mirrorOf>central</mirrorOf>
</mirror>

jenkins

jenkins安装比较复杂,我另外写了篇文章来详细讲解如果安装和配置,点击查看《jenkins自动部署Spring Cloud服务实战

jira

jira安装比较复杂,我另外写了篇文章来详细讲解如果安装和配置,点击查看《jenkins自动部署Spring Cloud服务实战

gitblit

几大代码管理工具对比,这里只讲gitblit:

官网地址:

http://www.gitblit.com/

安装:

wget http://dl.bintray.com/gitblit/releases/gitblit-1.8.0.tar.gz

修改端口:

server.httpPort = 7000 
server.httpsPort = 7443

开始访问

url:http://192.168.1.234:7000/

默认账号密码:admin/admin

frp

frp用于内网穿透用,可以实现在公网访问内网的服务。

下载

wget https://github.com/fatedier/frp/releases/download/v0.29.0/frp_0.29.0_linux_amd64.tar.gz

更多的版本下载:https://github.com/fatedier/frp/releases

服务器端

配置
# 配置和frp客户端连接用
[common]
bind_port = 7000
token = javasea@frp

dashboard_port = 7557
#仪表板的用户名和密码都是可选的,如果没有设置,默认是admin。
dashboard_user = admin
dashboard_pwd = javasea@frpdash
启动
# frps -c frps.ini

客户端

配置
# 配置和frp服务端连接用
[common]
server_addr = 120.79.246.166
server_port = 7000
token = javasea@frp   #用于和服务器端认证
# mysql暴露到公网
[mysql]
type = tcp
local_port = 3306
remote_port = 7575
# gitblit暴露到公网
[gitblit]
type = tcp
local_port = 7000
remote_port = 7576
启动
# frpc -c frpc.ini
管理页面:

url: http://192.168.1.254:7557, 7557就是上面服务器端配置的dash端口。

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