Spring Boot 学习笔记 - 钢钢更新

钢钢更新 2018-05-06

java spring springboot

背景介绍

该文档是在慕课网实战课程《Spring Boot企业微信点餐系统》基础上总结而成,旨在记录Spring Boot一些相关知识,文章中涉及的代码都经过验证,可以直接使用。
该文档作为个人参考资料,会长期更新。

慕课网课程地址:Spring Boot企业微信点餐系统

数据库设计

微信点餐数据库 - SQL.md

-- 类目
create table `product_category` (
    `category_id` int not null auto_increment,
    `category_name` varchar(64) not null comment '类目名字',
    `category_type` int not null comment '类目编号',
    `create_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp comment '创建时间',
    `update_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp on update current_timestamp comment '修改时间',
    primary key (`category_id`)
);

-- 商品
create table `product_info` (
    `product_id` varchar(32) not null,
    `product_name` varchar(64) not null comment '商品名称',
    `product_price` decimal(8,2) not null comment '单价',
    `product_stock` int not null comment '库存',
    `product_description` varchar(64) comment '描述',
    `product_icon` varchar(512) comment '小图',
    `product_status` tinyint(3) DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '商品状态,0正常1下架',
    `category_type` int not null comment '类目编号',
    `create_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp comment '创建时间',
    `update_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp on update current_timestamp comment '修改时间',
    primary key (`product_id`)
);

-- 订单
create table `order_master` (
    `order_id` varchar(32) not null,
    `buyer_name` varchar(32) not null comment '买家名字',
    `buyer_phone` varchar(32) not null comment '买家电话',
    `buyer_address` varchar(128) not null comment '买家地址',
    `buyer_openid` varchar(64) not null comment '买家微信openid',
    `order_amount` decimal(8,2) not null comment '订单总金额',
    `order_status` tinyint(3) not null default '0' comment '订单状态, 默认为新下单',
    `pay_status` tinyint(3) not null default '0' comment '支付状态, 默认未支付',
    `create_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp comment '创建时间',
    `update_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp on update current_timestamp comment '修改时间',
    primary key (`order_id`),
    key `idx_buyer_openid` (`buyer_openid`)
);

-- 订单商品
create table `order_detail` (
    `detail_id` varchar(32) not null,
    `order_id` varchar(32) not null,
    `product_id` varchar(32) not null,
    `product_name` varchar(64) not null comment '商品名称',
    `product_price` decimal(8,2) not null comment '当前价格,单位分',
    `product_quantity` int not null comment '数量',
    `product_icon` varchar(512) comment '小图',
    `create_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp comment '创建时间',
    `update_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp on update current_timestamp comment '修改时间',
    primary key (`detail_id`),
    key `idx_order_id` (`order_id`)
);

-- 卖家(登录后台使用, 卖家登录之后可能直接采用微信扫码登录,不使用账号密码)
create table `seller_info` (
    `id` varchar(32) not null,
    `username` varchar(32) not null,
    `password` varchar(32) not null,
    `openid` varchar(64) not null comment '微信openid',
    `create_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp comment '创建时间',
    `update_time` timestamp not null default current_timestamp on update current_timestamp comment '修改时间',
    primary key (`id`)
) comment '卖家信息表';

Spring Boot项目结构


POM依赖

pom.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.imooc</groupId>
    <artifactId>sell</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>sell</name>
    <description>Demo project for Spring Boot</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.3.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>mysql</groupId>
            <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
            <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
            <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.github.binarywang</groupId>
            <artifactId>weixin-java-mp</artifactId>
            <version>2.7.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>cn.springboot</groupId>
            <artifactId>best-pay-sdk</artifactId>
            <version>1.1.0</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-freemarker</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-websocket</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.mybatis.spring.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>mybatis-spring-boot-starter</artifactId>
            <version>1.2.0</version>
        </dependency>


        <!--<dependency>-->
        <!--<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>-->
        <!--<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-cache</artifactId>-->
        <!--</dependency>-->
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <finalName>sell</finalName>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>


</project>

应用配置

全局配置文件

application.yml

spring:
  profiles:
    active: dev

开发配置文件

application-dev.yml

spring:
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
    username: root
    password: 123456
    url: jdbc:mysql://192.168.30.113/sell?characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false
  jpa:
    show-sql: true
  jackson:
    default-property-inclusion: non_null
  redis:
    host: 192.168.30.113
    port: 6379
server:
  context-path: /sell
#logging:
#  pattern:
#    console: "%d - %msg%n"
##  path: /var/log/tomcat/
#  file: /var/log/tomcat/sell.log
#  level:
#    com.imooc.LoggerTest: debug

wechat:
  mpAppId: wxd898fcb01713c658
  mpAppSecret: 47ccc303338cee6e62894fxxxxxxxxxxx
  openAppId: wx6ad144e54af67d87
  openAppSecret: 91a2ff6d38a2bbccfb7e9xxxxxx
  mchId: 1483469312
  mchKey: 06C56A89949D617xxxxxxxxxxx
  keyPath: /var/weixin_cert/h5.p12
  notifyUrl: http://sell.natapp4.cc/sell/pay/notify
  templateId:
    orderStatus: e-Cqq67QxD6YNI41iRiqawEYdFavW_7pc7LyEMb-yeQ

projectUrl:
  wechatMpAuthorize: http://sell.natapp4.cc
  wechatOpenAuthorize: http://sell.natapp4.cc
  sell: http://sell.natapp4.cc
logging:
  level:
    com.imooc.dataobject.mapper: trace
mybatis:
  mapper-locations: classpath:mapper/*.xml

生产配置文件

application-prod.yml

spring:
  datasource:
    driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
    username: root
    password: 123456
    url: jdbc:mysql://192.168.30.113/sell?characterEncoding=utf-8&useSSL=false
  jackson:
    default-property-inclusion: non_null
  redis:
    host: 192.168.30.113
    port: 6379
server:
  context-path: /sell
#logging:
#  pattern:
#    console: "%d - %msg%n"
##  path: /var/log/tomcat/
#  file: /var/log/tomcat/sell.log
#  level:
#    com.imooc.LoggerTest: debug

wechat:
  mpAppId: wxd898fcb01713c658
  mpAppSecret: 47ccc303338cee6e62894fxxxxxxxxxxx
  openAppId: wx6ad144e54af67d87
  openAppSecret: 91a2ff6d38a2bbccfb7e9xxxxxx
  mchId: 1483469312
  mchKey: 06C56A89949D617xxxxxxxxxxx
  keyPath: /var/weixin_cert/h5.p12
  notifyUrl: http://sell.natapp4.cc/sell/pay/notify
  templateId:
    orderStatus: e-Cqq67QxD6YNI41iRiqawEYdFavW_7pc7LyEMb-yeQ

projectUrl:
  wechatMpAuthorize: http://sell.natapp4.cc
  wechatOpenAuthorize: http://sell.natapp4.cc
  sell: http://sell.natapp4.cc
logging:
  level:
    com.imooc.dataobject.mapper: trace
mybatis:
  mapper-locations: classpath:mapper/*.xml

配置文件类

BlogProperties.java

package com.mindex.config;

import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Data
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "com.mindex.blog")
@Component
public class BlogProperties {
    private String name;
    private String desc;
}

引用配置信息

BlogPropertiesTest.java

package com.mindex.config;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;


@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class BlogPropertiesTest {

    @Autowired
    private BlogProperties blogProperties;

    @Test
    public void getProperties() throws Exception {
        Assert.assertEquals("轮子王", blogProperties.getName());
        Assert.assertEquals("用行动改变世界", blogProperties.getDesc());
    }

}

自定义配置文件

WechatAccountConfig.java

package com.imooc.config;

import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import java.util.Map;

@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "wechat")
public class WechatAccountConfig {

    private String mpAppId;
    private String mpAppSecret;
    private String openAppId;
    private String openAppSecret;
    private String mchId;
    private String mchKey;
    private String keyPath;
    private String notifyUrl;
    private Map<String, String> templateId;
}

引用自定义的配置文件

WechatMpConfig.java

package com.imooc.config;

import me.chanjar.weixin.mp.api.WxMpConfigStorage;
import me.chanjar.weixin.mp.api.WxMpInMemoryConfigStorage;
import me.chanjar.weixin.mp.api.WxMpService;
import me.chanjar.weixin.mp.api.impl.WxMpServiceImpl;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
public class WechatMpConfig {

    @Autowired
    private WechatAccountConfig accountConfig;

    @Bean
    public WxMpService wxMpService() {
        WxMpService wxMpService = new WxMpServiceImpl();
        wxMpService.setWxMpConfigStorage(wxMpConfigStorage());
        return wxMpService;
    }

    @Bean
    public WxMpConfigStorage wxMpConfigStorage() {
        WxMpInMemoryConfigStorage wxMpConfigStorage = new WxMpInMemoryConfigStorage();
        wxMpConfigStorage.setAppId(accountConfig.getMpAppId());
        wxMpConfigStorage.setSecret(accountConfig.getMpAppSecret());
        return wxMpConfigStorage;
    }
}

日志处理

SLF4j

Logback

logback-spring.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>

<configuration>

    <appender name="consoleLog" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <layout class="ch.qos.logback.classic.PatternLayout">
            <pattern>
                %d - %msg%n
            </pattern>
        </layout>
    </appender>

    <appender name="fileInfoLog" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.LevelFilter">
            <level>ERROR</level>
            <onMatch>DENY</onMatch>
            <onMismatch>ACCEPT</onMismatch>
        </filter>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>
                %msg%n
            </pattern>
        </encoder>
        <!--滚动策略-->
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <!--路径-->
            <fileNamePattern>/Users/kwang/imooc/sell/log/info.%d.log</fileNamePattern>
        </rollingPolicy>
    </appender>


    <appender name="fileErrorLog" class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.RollingFileAppender">
        <filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.ThresholdFilter">
            <level>ERROR</level>
        </filter>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>
                %msg%n
            </pattern>
        </encoder>
        <!--滚动策略-->
        <rollingPolicy class="ch.qos.logback.core.rolling.TimeBasedRollingPolicy">
            <!--路径-->
            <fileNamePattern>/Users/kwang/imooc/sell/log/error.%d.log</fileNamePattern>
        </rollingPolicy>
    </appender>

    <root level="info">
        <appender-ref ref="consoleLog" />
        <appender-ref ref="fileInfoLog" />
        <appender-ref ref="fileErrorLog" />
    </root>

</configuration>

Swagger2 文档工具

引入POM依赖

<dependency>
    <groupId>io.springfox</groupId>
    <artifactId>springfox-swagger2</artifactId>
    <version>2.8.0</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>io.springfox</groupId>
    <artifactId>springfox-swagger-ui</artifactId>
    <version>2.8.0</version>
</dependency>

创建Swagger配置类

package com.mindex.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import springfox.documentation.builders.ApiInfoBuilder;
import springfox.documentation.builders.PathSelectors;
import springfox.documentation.builders.RequestHandlerSelectors;
import springfox.documentation.service.ApiInfo;
import springfox.documentation.spi.DocumentationType;
import springfox.documentation.spring.web.plugins.Docket;
import springfox.documentation.swagger2.annotations.EnableSwagger2;

@Configuration
@EnableSwagger2
public class Swagger2Configuration {
    @Bean
    public Docket api() {
        return new Docket(DocumentationType.SWAGGER_2)
                .apiInfo(apiInfo())
                .select()
                // 自行修改为自己的包路径
                .apis(RequestHandlerSelectors.basePackage("com.mindex.controller"))
                .paths(PathSelectors.any())
                .build();
    }

    private ApiInfo apiInfo() {
        return new ApiInfoBuilder()
                .title("api文档")
                .description("Restful 风格接口")
                .version("1.0")
                .build();
    }
}

在controller中引入Swagger注解

package com.mindex.controller;

import com.mindex.entities.User;
import io.swagger.annotations.Api;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiImplicitParam;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiImplicitParams;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiOperation;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

import java.util.*;

@RestController
@RequestMapping(value = "/users")
@Api(value = "/users", tags = "测试接口模块")
public class UserController {

    //创建线程安全的Map
    static Map<Long, User> users = Collections.synchronizedMap(new HashMap<Long, User>());

    @ApiOperation(value = "获取用户列表", notes = "")
    @RequestMapping(value = "/", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public List<User> getUserList() {
        // 处理"/users/"的GET请求,用来获取用户列表
        // 还可以通过@RequestParam从页面中传递参数来进行查询条件或者翻页信息的传递
        List<User> userList = new ArrayList<User>(users.values());
        return userList;
    }

    @ApiOperation(value = "创建用户", notes = "根据User对象创建用户")
    @ApiImplicitParam(name = "user", value = "用户详细实体user", required = true, dataType = "User")
    @RequestMapping(value = "/", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String postUser(@ModelAttribute User user) {
        // 处理"/users/"的POST请求,用来创建User
        // 除了@ModelAttribute绑定参数之外,还可以通过@RequestParam从页面中传递参数
        users.put(user.getId(), user);
        return "success";
    }


    @ApiOperation(value = "获取用户详细信息", notes = "根据url的id来获取用户详细信息")
    @ApiImplicitParam(name = "id", value = "用户ID", required = true, dataType = "Long")
    @RequestMapping(value = "/{id}", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public User getUser(@PathVariable Long id) {
        // 处理"/users/{id}"的GET请求,用来获取url中id值的User信息
        // url中的id可通过@PathVariable绑定到函数的参数中
        return users.get(id);
    }

    @ApiOperation(value = "更新用户详细信息", notes = "根据url的id来指定更新对象,并根据传过来的user信息来更新用户详细信息")
    @ApiImplicitParams({
            @ApiImplicitParam(name = "id", value = "用户ID", required = true, dataType = "Long"),
            @ApiImplicitParam(name = "user", value = "用户详细实体user", required = true, dataType = "User")
    })
    @RequestMapping(value = "/{id}", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String putUser(@PathVariable Long id, @ModelAttribute User user) {
        // 处理"/users/{id}"的PUT请求,用来更新User信息
        User u = users.get(id);
        u.setName(user.getName());
        u.setAge(user.getAge());
        users.put(id, u);
        return "success";
    }

    @ApiOperation(value = "删除用户", notes = "根据url的id来指定删除对象")
    @ApiImplicitParam(name = "id", value = "用户ID", required = true, dataType = "Long")
    @RequestMapping(value = "/{id}", method = RequestMethod.DELETE)
    public String deleteUser(@PathVariable Long id) {
        // 处理"/users/{id}"的DELETE请求,用来删除User
        users.remove(id);
        return "success";
    }
}

启动tomcat查看文档

http://localhost:8080/swagger-ui.html

IDEA插件

JRebel插件

引入POM依赖

<dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-tomcat</artifactId>
            <version>1.5.1.RELEASE</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
</dependency>

配置Application.java

@SpringBootApplication
@ComponentScan(basePackages = "com.mindex")
public class Application extends SpringBootServletInitializer {
    @Override
    protected SpringApplicationBuilder configure(SpringApplicationBuilder builder) {
        return builder.sources(Application.class);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
    }
}

配置maven project选项

选中Lifecycle-clean及compile

安装JRebel插件

配置JRebel插件

在IDEA里新建一个部署配置项。

运行测试

Lombok插件

好处:安装了Lombok插件和pom引用依赖后,可以简化代码,例如:无需再写get/set/toString方法,打印日志时直接使用log关键字等。

安装Lombok插件

安装步骤在这里

引用pom依赖

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.projectlombok</groupId>
        <artifactId>lombok</artifactId>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

好处1:只要使用@Data@Getter@Setter@ToString等注解,无需再写繁琐的get/set/toString方法,Lombok会在编译时自动加入代码。

package com.imooc.dataobject;

import lombok.Data;
import org.hibernate.annotations.DynamicUpdate;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import java.util.Date;

@Entity
@DynamicUpdate
@Data
public class ProductCategory {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue
    private Integer categoryId;
    
    private String categoryName;
    private Integer categoryType;
    private Date createTime;
    private Date updateTime;

    public ProductCategory(String categoryName, Integer categoryType) {
        this.categoryName = categoryName;
        this.categoryType = categoryType;
    }

    public ProductCategory() {
    }
}

好处2:输出日志时,可以直接使用log关键字输出,支持参数引用。

package com.imooc;

import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest(classes = LoggerTest.class)
@Slf4j
public class LoggerTest {

    //    无需再写LoggerFactory
    //    private final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggerTest.class);

    @Test
    public void test1() {
        String name = "imooc";
        String password = "12345";
        log.debug("debug...");
        log.info("name: {}, password: {}", name, password);
        log.error("error...");
        log.warn("warning...");
    }
}

项目运行类(主入口)

SellApplication.java

package com.imooc;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

@SpringBootApplication
public class SellApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SellApplication.class, args);
    }
}

enums枚举类

ResultEnum.java

package com.imooc.enums;

import lombok.Getter;

@Getter
public enum ResultEnum {
    PARAM_ERROR(1,"参数不正确"),
    PRODUCT_NOT_EXIST(10, "商品不存在"),
    PRODUCT_STOCK_ERROR(11, "库存不正确"),
    ORDER_NOT_EXIST(12, "订单不存在"),
    ;

    private Integer code;
    private String message;

    ResultEnum(Integer code, String message) {
        this.code = code;
        this.message = message;
    }
}

util工具类

可以把常用的方法放在util包里,比如拼接vo视图、生成唯一编码等;

构造结果VO视图

ResultVOUtil.java

package com.imooc.utils;

import com.imooc.VO.ResultVO;

public class ResultVOUtil {

    public static ResultVO success(Object object) {
        ResultVO resultVO = new ResultVO();
        resultVO.setData(object);
        resultVO.setCode(0);
        resultVO.setMsg("成功");
        return resultVO;
    }

    public static ResultVO success() {
        return success(null);
    }

    public static ResultVO error(Integer code, String msg) {
        ResultVO resultVO = new ResultVO();
        resultVO.setCode(code);
        resultVO.setMsg(msg);
        return resultVO;
    }
}

生成随机id

KeyUtil.java

package com.imooc.utils;

import java.util.Random;

public class KeyUtil {
    /**
     * 生成唯一的主键
     * 格式: 时间+随机数
     *
     * @return
     */
    public static synchronized String genUniqueKey() {
        Random random = new Random();

        Integer number = random.nextInt(900000) + 100000;
        return System.currentTimeMillis() + String.valueOf(number);
    }
}

object -> json

JsonUtil.java

package com.imooc.utils;

import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.google.gson.GsonBuilder;

public class JsonUtil {

    public static String toJson(Object object) {
        GsonBuilder gsonBuilder = new GsonBuilder();
        gsonBuilder.setPrettyPrinting();
        Gson gson = gsonBuilder.create();
        return gson.toJson(object);
    }
}

Cookie工具类

CookieUtil.java

package com.imooc.utils;

import javax.servlet.http.Cookie;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;

public class CookieUtil {

    /**
     * 设置
     * @param response
     * @param name
     * @param value
     * @param maxAge
     */
    public static void set(HttpServletResponse response,
                           String name,
                           String value,
                           int maxAge) {
        Cookie cookie = new Cookie(name, value);
        cookie.setPath("/");
        cookie.setMaxAge(maxAge);
        response.addCookie(cookie);
    }

    /**
     * 获取cookie
     * @param request
     * @param name
     * @return
     */
    public static Cookie get(HttpServletRequest request,
                           String name) {
        Map<String, Cookie> cookieMap = readCookieMap(request);
        if (cookieMap.containsKey(name)) {
            return cookieMap.get(name);
        }else {
            return null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 将cookie封装成Map
     * @param request
     * @return
     */
    private static Map<String, Cookie> readCookieMap(HttpServletRequest request) {
        Map<String, Cookie> cookieMap = new HashMap<>();
        Cookie[] cookies = request.getCookies();
        if (cookies != null) {
            for (Cookie cookie: cookies) {
                cookieMap.put(cookie.getName(), cookie);
            }
        }
        return cookieMap;
    }
}

比较金额(double类型)是否相等

MathUtil.java

package com.imooc.utils;

public class MathUtil {

    private static final Double MONEY_RANGE = 0.01;

    /**
     * 比较2个金额是否相等
     * @param d1
     * @param d2
     * @return
     */
    public static Boolean equals(Double d1, Double d2) {
        Double result = Math.abs(d1 - d2);
        if (result < MONEY_RANGE) {
            return true;
        }else {
            return false;
        }
    }
}

VO视图层

要返回的数据格式如下:

第一层VO

ResultVO.java

package com.imooc.VO;

import lombok.Data;

/**
 * http请求返回的最外层对象
 */
@Data
public class ResultVO<T> {

    /* 状态码 */
    private Integer code;

    /* 提示信息 */
    private String msg;

    /* 具体内容 */
    private T data;
}

第二层VO

ProductVO.java

package com.imooc.VO;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonProperty;
import lombok.Data;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * 商品(包含类目)
 */
@Data
public class ProductVO {

    @JsonProperty("name")
    private String categoryName;

    @JsonProperty("type")
    private Integer categoryType;

    @JsonProperty("foods")
    private List<ProductInfoVO> productInfoVOList;
}

第三层VO

ProductInfoVO.java

package com.imooc.VO;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonProperty;
import lombok.Data;
import java.math.BigDecimal;

/**
 * 商品详情
 */
@Data
public class ProductInfoVO {

    @JsonProperty("id")
    private String productId;

    @JsonProperty("name")
    private String productName;

    @JsonProperty("price")
    private BigDecimal productPrice;

    @JsonProperty("description")
    private String productDescription;

    @JsonProperty("icon")
    private String productIcon;
}

DTO层

可以把DTO理解成数据库视图。

OrderDTO.java

package com.imooc.dto;

import com.imooc.dataobject.OrderDetail;
import lombok.Data;
import java.math.BigDecimal;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

@Data
public class OrderDTO {
    List<OrderDetail> orderDetailList;
    private String orderId;
    private String buyerName;
    private String buyerPhone;
    private String buyerAddress;
    private String buyerOpenid;
    private BigDecimal orderAmount;
    private Integer orderStatus;
    private Integer payStatus;
    private Date createTime;
    private Date updateTime;
}

CartDTO.java

package com.imooc.dto;

import lombok.Data;

@Data
public class CartDTO {
    
    private String productId;
    private Integer productQuantity;

    public CartDTO(String productId, Integer productQuantity) {
        this.productId = productId;
        this.productQuantity = productQuantity;
    }
}

Exception异常处理

自定义异常

SellException.java

package com.imooc.exception;

import com.imooc.enums.ResultEnum;

public class SellException extends RuntimeException {

    private Integer code;

    public SellException(ResultEnum resultEnum) {
        super(resultEnum.getMessage());
        this.code = resultEnum.getCode();
    }

    public SellException(Integer code, String message) {
        super(message);
        this.code = code;
    }
}

ResponseBankException.java

package com.imooc.exception;

public class ResponseBankException extends RuntimeException {
}

SellerAuthorizeException.java

package com.imooc.exception;

public class SellerAuthorizeException extends RuntimeException {
}

自定义异常处理器

SellExceptionHandler.java

package com.imooc.handler;

import com.imooc.VO.ResultVO;
import com.imooc.config.ProjectUrlConfig;
import com.imooc.exception.ResponseBankException;
import com.imooc.exception.SellException;
import com.imooc.exception.SellerAuthorizeException;
import com.imooc.utils.ResultVOUtil;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.http.HttpStatus;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ControllerAdvice;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseStatus;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

@ControllerAdvice
public class SellExceptionHandler {

    @Autowired
    private ProjectUrlConfig projectUrlConfig;

    //拦截登录异常
    //http://sell.natapp4.cc/sell/wechat/qrAuthorize?returnUrl=http://sell.natapp4.cc/sell/seller/login
    @ExceptionHandler(value = SellerAuthorizeException.class)
    @ResponseStatus(HttpStatus.FORBIDDEN)
    public ModelAndView handlerAuthorizeException() {
        return new ModelAndView("redirect:"
        .concat(projectUrlConfig.getWechatOpenAuthorize())
        .concat("/sell/wechat/qrAuthorize")
        .concat("?returnUrl=")
        .concat(projectUrlConfig.getSell())
        .concat("/sell/seller/login"));
    }

    @ExceptionHandler(value = SellException.class)
    @ResponseBody
    public ResultVO handlerSellerException(SellException e) {
        return ResultVOUtil.error(e.getCode(), e.getMessage());
    }

    @ExceptionHandler(value = ResponseBankException.class)
    @ResponseStatus(HttpStatus.FORBIDDEN)
    public void handleResponseBankException() {

    }
}

统一异常处理

假设访问一个不存在的页面,抛出异常

package com.mindex.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

@Controller
public class ThymeleafTest {

    @ResponseBody
    @RequestMapping("/hello")
    public String hello() throws Exception {
        throw new Exception("发生错误");
    }
}

创建全局异常处理类

通过使用@ControllerAdvice定义统一的异常处理类,而不是在每个Controller中逐个定义。@ExceptionHandler用来定义函数针对的异常类型,最后将Exception对象和请求URL映射到error.html中。

package com.mindex.exception;

import com.mindex.entities.ErrorInfo;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ControllerAdvice;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ExceptionHandler;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

@ControllerAdvice
public class GlobalExceptionHandler {

    public static final String DEFAULT_ERROR_VIEW = "error";

    @ExceptionHandler(value = Exception.class)
    public ModelAndView defaultErrorHandler(HttpServletRequest req, Exception e) throws Exception {
        ModelAndView mav = new ModelAndView();
        mav.addObject("exception", e);
        mav.addObject("url", req.getRequestURL());
        mav.setViewName(DEFAULT_ERROR_VIEW);
        return mav;
    }
}

实现error.html页面展示:在templates目录下创建error.html,将请求的URL和Exception对象的message输出。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns:th="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8"/>
    <title>统一异常处理</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Error Handler</h1>
<div th:text="${url}"></div>
<div th:text="${exception.message}"></div>
</body>
</html>

启动该应用,访问:http://localhost:8080/hello,可以看到如下错误提示页面。

通过实现上述内容之后,我们只需要在Controller中抛出Exception,当然我们可能会有多种不同的Exception。然后在@ControllerAdvice类中,根据抛出的具体Exception类型匹配@ExceptionHandler中配置的异常类型来匹配错误映射和处理。

返回json格式

创建统一的JSON返回对象,code:消息类型,message:消息内容,url:请求的url,data:请求返回的数据。

package com.mindex.entities;

import lombok.Data;

@Data
public class ErrorInfo<T> {

    public static final Integer OK = 0;
    public static final Integer ERROR = 100;

    private Integer code;
    private String message;
    private String url;
    private T data;
}

创建一个自定义异常,用来实验捕获该异常,并返回json。

package com.mindex.exception;

public class MyException extends Exception {

    public MyException(String message) {
        super(message);
    }
}

Controller中增加json映射,抛出MyException异常。

package com.mindex.controller;

import com.mindex.exception.MyException;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@Controller
public class HelloController {

    @RequestMapping("/json")
    public String json() throws MyException {
        throw new MyException("发生错误2");
    }

}

MyException异常创建对应的处理。

@ExceptionHandler(value = MyException.class)
    @ResponseBody
    public ErrorInfo<String> jsonErrorHandler(HttpServletRequest req, MyException e) throws Exception {
        ErrorInfo<String> r = new ErrorInfo<>();
        r.setMessage(e.getMessage());
        r.setCode(ErrorInfo.ERROR);
        r.setData("Some Data");
        r.setUrl(req.getRequestURL().toString());
        return r;
    }

启动应用,访问:http://localhost:8080/json,可以得到如下返回内容:

Authorize用户有效性鉴定

SellerAuthorizeAspect.java

package com.imooc.aspect;

import com.imooc.constant.CookieConstant;
import com.imooc.constant.RedisConstant;
import com.imooc.exception.SellerAuthorizeException;
import com.imooc.utils.CookieUtil;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Aspect;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Before;
import org.aspectj.lang.annotation.Pointcut;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.StringRedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.RequestContextHolder;
import org.springframework.web.context.request.ServletRequestAttributes;
import javax.servlet.http.Cookie;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

@Aspect
@Component
@Slf4j
public class SellerAuthorizeAspect {

    @Autowired
    private StringRedisTemplate redisTemplate;

    @Pointcut("execution(public * com.imooc.controller.Seller*.*(..))" +
            "&& !execution(public * com.imooc.controller.SellerUserController.*(..))")
    public void verify() {
    }

    @Before("verify()")
    public void doVerify() {
        ServletRequestAttributes attributes = (ServletRequestAttributes) RequestContextHolder.getRequestAttributes();
        HttpServletRequest request = attributes.getRequest();

        //查询cookie
        Cookie cookie = CookieUtil.get(request, CookieConstant.TOKEN);
        if (cookie == null) {
            log.warn("【登录校验】Cookie中查不到token");
            throw new SellerAuthorizeException();
        }

        //去redis里查询
        String tokenValue = redisTemplate.opsForValue().get(String.format(RedisConstant.TOKEN_PREFIX, cookie.getValue()));
        if (StringUtils.isEmpty(tokenValue)) {
            log.warn("【登录校验】Redis中查不到token");
            throw new SellerAuthorizeException();
        }
    }
}

Data Object层(Entity)

主要用来映射数据库表及字段关系。

dataobject定义

ProductCategory.java

package com.imooc.dataobject;

import lombok.Data;
import org.hibernate.annotations.DynamicUpdate;

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import java.util.Date;

@Entity
@DynamicUpdate
@Data
public class ProductCategory {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue
    private Integer categoryId;
    
    private String categoryName;
    private Integer categoryType;
    private Date createTime;
    private Date updateTime;

    public ProductCategory(String categoryName, Integer categoryType) {
        this.categoryName = categoryName;
        this.categoryType = categoryType;
    }

    public ProductCategory() {
    }
}

Repository层

JpaRepository对数据库常用操作进行了封装,通过继承JpaRepository可以快速实现数据库操作。
JpaRepository第一个参数是data object,第二个是该data object的主键。

repository定义

ProductCategoryRepository.java

package com.imooc.repository;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;

import java.util.List;

public interface ProductCategoryRepository extends JpaRepository<ProductCategory, Integer> {
    List<ProductCategory> findByCategoryTypeIn(List<Integer> categoryTypeList);
}

repository单元测试

ProductCategoryRepositoryTest.java

package com.imooc.repository;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class ProductCategoryRepositoryTest {

    @Autowired
    private ProductCategoryRepository repository;

    @Test
    public void findOneTest() {
        ProductCategory productCategory = repository.findOne(1);
        System.out.println(productCategory.toString());
    }

    @Test
    @Transactional
    public void saveTest() {
        ProductCategory productCategory = new ProductCategory("男生最爱", 4);
        ProductCategory result = repository.save(productCategory);
        Assert.assertNotNull(result);
//        Assert.assertNotEquals(null, result);
    }

    @Test
    public void findByCategoryTypeInTest() {
        List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(2,3,4);

        List<ProductCategory> result = repository.findByCategoryTypeIn(list);
        Assert.assertNotEquals(0, result.size());
    }

    @Test
    public void updateTest() {
//        ProductCategory productCategory = repository.findOne(4);
//        productCategory.setCategoryName("男生最爱1");
        ProductCategory productCategory = new ProductCategory("男生最爱", 4);
        ProductCategory result = repository.save(productCategory);
        Assert.assertEquals(productCategory, result);
    }
}

Service层

service接口

CategoryService.java

package com.imooc.service;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import java.util.List;

public interface CategoryService {

    ProductCategory findOne(Integer categoryId);
    List<ProductCategory> findAll();
    List<ProductCategory> findByCategoryTypeIn(List<Integer> categoryTypeList);
    ProductCategory save(ProductCategory productCategory);
}

service实现

需要使用@Service注解

CategoryServiceImpl.java

package com.imooc.service.impl;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import com.imooc.repository.ProductCategoryRepository;
import com.imooc.service.CategoryService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

import java.util.List;

@Service
public class CategoryServiceImpl implements CategoryService {

    @Autowired
    private ProductCategoryRepository repository;

    @Override
    public ProductCategory findOne(Integer categoryId) {
        return repository.findOne(categoryId);
    }

    @Override
    public List<ProductCategory> findAll() {
        return repository.findAll();
    }

    @Override
    public List<ProductCategory> findByCategoryTypeIn(List<Integer> categoryTypeList) {
        return repository.findByCategoryTypeIn(categoryTypeList);
    }

    @Override
    public ProductCategory save(ProductCategory productCategory) {
        return repository.save(productCategory);
    }
}

service单元测试

CategoryServiceImplTest.java

package com.imooc.service.impl;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class CategoryServiceImplTest {

    @Autowired
    private CategoryServiceImpl categoryService;

    @Test
    public void findOne() throws Exception {
        ProductCategory productCategory = categoryService.findOne(1);
        Assert.assertEquals(new Integer(1), productCategory.getCategoryId());
    }

    @Test
    public void findAll() throws Exception {
        List<ProductCategory> productCategoryList = categoryService.findAll();
        Assert.assertNotEquals(0, productCategoryList.size());
    }

    @Test
    public void findByCategoryTypeIn() throws Exception {
        List<ProductCategory> productCategoryList = categoryService.findByCategoryTypeIn(Arrays.asList(1,2,3,4));
        Assert.assertNotEquals(0, productCategoryList.size());
    }

    @Test
    public void save() throws Exception {
        ProductCategory productCategory = new ProductCategory("男生专享", 10);
        ProductCategory result = categoryService.save(productCategory);
        Assert.assertNotNull(result);
    }

}

Controller层

@RestController 注解,直接返回json格式;
@RequestMapping("buyer/product") 注解声明服务的url前缀;

BuyerProductController.java

package com.imooc.controller;

import com.imooc.VO.ProductInfoVO;
import com.imooc.VO.ProductVO;
import com.imooc.VO.ResultVO;
import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductInfo;
import com.imooc.service.CategoryService;
import com.imooc.service.ProductService;
import com.imooc.utils.ResultVOUtil;
import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

@RestController
@RequestMapping("/buyer/product")
public class BuyerProductController {

    @Autowired
    private ProductService productService;

    @Autowired
    private CategoryService categoryService;

    @GetMapping("/list")
    public ResultVO list() {
        //1. 查询所有上架商品
        List<ProductInfo> productInfoList = productService.findUpAll();

        //2. 查询类目(一次性查询)
        //传统方法
        List<Integer> categoryTypeList = new ArrayList<>();
//        for (ProductInfo productInfo : productInfoList) {
//            categoryTypeList.add(productInfo.getCategoryType());
//        }

        //精简方法(java8, lambda)
        categoryTypeList = productInfoList.stream().map(e -> e.getCategoryType()).collect(Collectors.toList());
        List<ProductCategory> productCategoryList = categoryService.findByCategoryTypeIn(categoryTypeList);

        //3. 数据拼装
        List<ProductVO> productVOList = new ArrayList<>();
        for (ProductCategory productCategory : productCategoryList) {
            ProductVO productVO = new ProductVO();
            productVO.setCategoryName(productCategory.getCategoryName());
            productVO.setCategoryType(productCategory.getCategoryType());

            List<ProductInfoVO> productInfoVOList = new ArrayList<>();
            for (ProductInfo productInfo : productInfoList) {
                if (productInfo.getCategoryType().equals(productCategory.getCategoryType())) {
                    ProductInfoVO productInfoVO = new ProductInfoVO();
                    BeanUtils.copyProperties(productInfo, productInfoVO);
                    productInfoVOList.add(productInfoVO);
                }
            }
            productVO.setProductInfoVOList(productInfoVOList);
            productVOList.add(productVO);
        }

        return ResultVOUtil.success(productVOList);
    }
}

SellerProductController.java

package com.imooc.controller;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductInfo;
import com.imooc.exception.SellException;
import com.imooc.form.ProductForm;
import com.imooc.service.CategoryService;
import com.imooc.service.ProductService;
import com.imooc.utils.KeyUtil;
import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.CacheEvict;
import org.springframework.data.domain.Page;
import org.springframework.data.domain.PageRequest;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.util.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.validation.BindingResult;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import javax.validation.Valid;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/seller/product")
public class SellerProductController {

    @Autowired
    private ProductService productService;

    @Autowired
    private CategoryService categoryService;

    /**
     * 列表
     * @param page
     * @param size
     * @param map
     * @return
     */
    @GetMapping("/list")
    public ModelAndView list(@RequestParam(value = "page", defaultValue = "1") Integer page,
                             @RequestParam(value = "size", defaultValue = "10") Integer size,
                             Map<String, Object> map) {
        PageRequest request = new PageRequest(page - 1, size);
        Page<ProductInfo> productInfoPage = productService.findAll(request);
        map.put("productInfoPage", productInfoPage);
        map.put("currentPage", page);
        map.put("size", size);
        return new ModelAndView("product/list", map);
    }

    /**
     * 商品上架
     * @param productId
     * @param map
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/on_sale")
    public ModelAndView onSale(@RequestParam("productId") String productId,
                               Map<String, Object> map) {
        try {
            productService.onSale(productId);
        } catch (SellException e) {
            map.put("msg", e.getMessage());
            map.put("url", "/sell/seller/product/list");
            return new ModelAndView("common/error", map);
        }

        map.put("url", "/sell/seller/product/list");
        return new ModelAndView("common/success", map);
    }
    /**
     * 商品下架
     * @param productId
     * @param map
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/off_sale")
    public ModelAndView offSale(@RequestParam("productId") String productId,
                               Map<String, Object> map) {
        try {
            productService.offSale(productId);
        } catch (SellException e) {
            map.put("msg", e.getMessage());
            map.put("url", "/sell/seller/product/list");
            return new ModelAndView("common/error", map);
        }

        map.put("url", "/sell/seller/product/list");
        return new ModelAndView("common/success", map);
    }

    @GetMapping("/index")
    public ModelAndView index(@RequestParam(value = "productId", required = false) String productId,
                      Map<String, Object> map) {
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(productId)) {
            ProductInfo productInfo = productService.findOne(productId);
            map.put("productInfo", productInfo);
        }

        //查询所有的类目
        List<ProductCategory> categoryList = categoryService.findAll();
        map.put("categoryList", categoryList);

        return new ModelAndView("product/index", map);
    }

    /**
     * 保存/更新
     * @param form
     * @param bindingResult
     * @param map
     * @return
     */
    @PostMapping("/save")
//    @Cacheable(cacheNames = "product", key = "123")
//    @Cacheable(cacheNames = "product", key = "456")
//    @CachePut(cacheNames = "product", key = "123")
    @CacheEvict(cacheNames = "product", allEntries = true, beforeInvocation = true)
    public ModelAndView save(@Valid ProductForm form,
                             BindingResult bindingResult,
                             Map<String, Object> map) {
        if (bindingResult.hasErrors()) {
            map.put("msg", bindingResult.getFieldError().getDefaultMessage());
            map.put("url", "/sell/seller/product/index");
            return new ModelAndView("common/error", map);
        }

        ProductInfo productInfo = new ProductInfo();
        try {
            //如果productId为空, 说明是新增
            if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(form.getProductId())) {
                productInfo = productService.findOne(form.getProductId());
            } else {
                form.setProductId(KeyUtil.genUniqueKey());
            }
            BeanUtils.copyProperties(form, productInfo);
            productService.save(productInfo);
        } catch (SellException e) {
            map.put("msg", e.getMessage());
            map.put("url", "/sell/seller/product/index");
            return new ModelAndView("common/error", map);
        }

        map.put("url", "/sell/seller/product/list");
        return new ModelAndView("common/success", map);
    }
}

使用Mabatis注解方式实现增删改查

mapper层

ProductCategoryMapper.java

package com.imooc.dataobject.mapper;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import org.apache.ibatis.annotations.*;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

public interface ProductCategoryMapper {

    @Insert("insert into product_category(category_name, category_type) values (#{categoryName, jdbcType=VARCHAR}, #{category_type, jdbcType=INTEGER})")
    int insertByMap(Map<String, Object> map);

    @Insert("insert into product_category(category_name, category_type) values (#{categoryName, jdbcType=VARCHAR}, #{categoryType, jdbcType=INTEGER})")
    int insertByObject(ProductCategory productCategory);

    @Select("select * from product_category where category_type = #{categoryType}")
    @Results({
            @Result(column = "category_id", property = "categoryId"),
            @Result(column = "category_name", property = "categoryName"),
            @Result(column = "category_type", property = "categoryType")
    })
    ProductCategory findByCategoryType(Integer categoryType);

    @Select("select * from product_category where category_name = #{categoryName}")
    @Results({
            @Result(column = "category_id", property = "categoryId"),
            @Result(column = "category_name", property = "categoryName"),
            @Result(column = "category_type", property = "categoryType")
    })
    List<ProductCategory> findByCategoryName(String categoryName);

    @Update("update product_category set category_name = #{categoryName} where category_type = #{categoryType}")
    int updateByCategoryType(@Param("categoryName") String categoryName,
                             @Param("categoryType") Integer categoryType);

    @Update("update product_category set category_name = #{categoryName} where category_type = #{categoryType}")
    int updateByObject(ProductCategory productCategory);

    @Delete("delete from product_category where category_type = #{categoryType}")
    int deleteByCategoryType(Integer categoryType);

    ProductCategory selectByCategoryType(Integer categoryType);
}

mapper单元测试

ProductCategoryMapperTest.java

package com.imooc.dataobject.mapper;

import com.imooc.dataobject.ProductCategory;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
@Slf4j
public class ProductCategoryMapperTest {

    @Autowired
    private ProductCategoryMapper mapper;

    @Test
    public void insertByMap() throws Exception {
        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<>();
        map.put("categoryName", "师兄最不爱");
        map.put("category_type", 101);
        int result = mapper.insertByMap(map);
        Assert.assertEquals(1, result);
    }

    @Test
    public void insertByObject() {
        ProductCategory productCategory = new ProductCategory();
        productCategory.setCategoryName("师兄最不爱");
        productCategory.setCategoryType(102);
        int result = mapper.insertByObject(productCategory);
        Assert.assertEquals(1, result);
    }

    @Test
    public void findByCategoryType() {
        ProductCategory result = mapper.findByCategoryType(102);
        Assert.assertNotNull(result);
    }

    @Test
    public void findByCategoryName() {
        List<ProductCategory> result = mapper.findByCategoryName("师兄最不爱");
        Assert.assertNotEquals(0, result.size());
    }

    @Test
    public void updateByCategoryType() {
        int result = mapper.updateByCategoryType("师兄最不爱的分类", 102);
        Assert.assertEquals(1, result);
    }

    @Test
    public void updateByObject() {
        ProductCategory productCategory = new ProductCategory();
        productCategory.setCategoryName("师兄最不爱");
        productCategory.setCategoryType(102);
        int result = mapper.updateByObject(productCategory);
        Assert.assertEquals(1, result);
    }

    @Test
    public void deleteByCategoryType() {
        int result = mapper.deleteByCategoryType(102);
        Assert.assertEquals(1, result);
    }

    @Test
    public void selectByCategoryType() {
        ProductCategory productCategory = mapper.selectByCategoryType(101);
        Assert.assertNotNull(productCategory);
    }

}

Dao层

ProductCategoryDao.java

package com.imooc.dataobject.dao;

import com.imooc.dataobject.mapper.ProductCategoryMapper;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

import java.util.Map;

public class ProductCategoryDao {

    @Autowired
    ProductCategoryMapper mapper;

    public int insertByMap(Map<String, Object> map) {
        return mapper.insertByMap(map);
    }
}

对象转换

Form表单对象(Json)转成DTO

OrderForm2OrderDTOConverter.java

package com.imooc.converter;

import com.google.gson.Gson;
import com.google.gson.reflect.TypeToken;
import com.imooc.dataobject.OrderDetail;
import com.imooc.dto.OrderDTO;
import com.imooc.enums.ResultEnum;
import com.imooc.exception.SellException;
import com.imooc.form.OrderForm;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

@Slf4j
public class OrderForm2OrderDTOConverter {

    public static OrderDTO convert(OrderForm orderForm) {
        Gson gson = new Gson();
        OrderDTO orderDTO = new OrderDTO();

        orderDTO.setBuyerName(orderForm.getName());
        orderDTO.setBuyerPhone(orderForm.getPhone());
        orderDTO.setBuyerAddress(orderForm.getAddress());
        orderDTO.setBuyerOpenid(orderForm.getOpenid());

        List<OrderDetail> orderDetailList = new ArrayList<>();
        try {
            orderDetailList = gson.fromJson(orderForm.getItems(),
                    new TypeToken<List<OrderDetail>>() {
                    }.getType());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            log.error("【对象转换】错误, string={}", orderForm.getItems());
            throw new SellException(ResultEnum.PARAM_ERROR);
        }
        orderDTO.setOrderDetailList(orderDetailList);

        return orderDTO;
    }
}

Data object转DTO

OrderMaster2OrderDTOConverter.java

package com.imooc.converter;

import com.imooc.dataobject.OrderMaster;
import com.imooc.dto.OrderDTO;
import org.springframework.beans.BeanUtils;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Collectors;

public class OrderMaster2OrderDTOConverter {

    public static OrderDTO convert(OrderMaster orderMaster) {
        OrderDTO orderDTO = new OrderDTO();
        BeanUtils.copyProperties(orderMaster, orderDTO);
        return orderDTO;
    }

    public static List<OrderDTO> convert(List<OrderMaster> orderMasterList) {
        return orderMasterList.stream().map(e ->
                convert(e)
        ).collect(Collectors.toList());
    }
}

中文字符乱码

application.properties

spring.http.encoding.force=true
spring.http.encoding.charset=UTF-8
spring.http.encoding.enabled=true
server.tomcat.uri-encoding=UTF-8

IDEA设置

网页模板

Thymeleaf

pom.xml

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-thymeleaf</artifactId>
</dependency>

...

<resources>
    <resource>
        <directory>src/main/resources</directory>
    </resource>
</resources>

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
      xmlns:th="http://www.thymeleaf.org">
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8"/>
    <title></title>
</head>
<body>
<h1 th:text="${host}">Hello World</h1>
</body>
</html>

注意:模板的位置可以直接放在src/main/resources/templates/目录下。

application.properties

spring.http.encoding.force=true
spring.http.encoding.charset=UTF-8
spring.http.encoding.enabled=true
server.tomcat.uri-encoding=UTF-8

# Enable template caching.
spring.thymeleaf.cache=true
# Check that the templates location exists.
spring.thymeleaf.check-template-location=true
# Content-Type value.
spring.thymeleaf.content-type=text/html
# Enable MVC Thymeleaf view resolution.
spring.thymeleaf.enabled=true
# Template encoding.
spring.thymeleaf.encoding=UTF-8
# Comma-separated list of view names that should be excluded from resolution.
spring.thymeleaf.excluded-view-names=
# Template mode to be applied to templates. See also StandardTemplateModeHandlers.
spring.thymeleaf.mode=HTML5
# Prefix that gets prepended to view names when building a URL.
spring.thymeleaf.prefix=classpath:/templates/
# Suffix that gets appended to view names when building a URL.
spring.thymeleaf.suffix=.html

ThymeleafTest.java

package com.mindex.controller;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;

@Controller
public class ThymeleafTest {

    @RequestMapping("/")
    public String index(ModelMap map) {
        map.addAttribute("host", "http://www.mindex.com");
        return "index";
    }
}

运行结果如下:

数据库操作

JdbcTemplate

引入POM依赖

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-jdbc</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>mysql</groupId>
    <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
    <version>5.1.21</version>
</dependency>

修改配置文件application.properties

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=welcome
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

Service接口:UserService.java

package com.mindex.service;

public interface UserService {

    void create(String name, Integer age);
    
    void deleteByName(String name);
    
    Integer getAllUsers();
    
    void deleteAllUsers();
}

Service实现:UserServiceImpl.java

package com.mindex.service.impl;

import com.mindex.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.jdbc.core.JdbcTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

@Service
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    @Autowired
    private JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate;

    @Override
    public void create(String name, Integer age) {
        jdbcTemplate.update("INSERT INTO user (name, age) VALUES (?,?);", name, age);
    }

    @Override
    public void deleteByName(String name) {
        jdbcTemplate.update("delete from USER where NAME = ?", name);
    }

    @Override
    public Integer getAllUsers() {
        return jdbcTemplate.queryForObject("select count(1) from USER", Integer.class);
    }

    @Override
    public void deleteAllUsers() {
        jdbcTemplate.update("delete from USER");
    }
}

单元测试:UserServiceImplTest.java

package com.mindex.service.impl;

import com.mindex.service.UserService;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;


@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class UserServiceImplTest {

    @Autowired
    private UserService userService;

    @Test
    public void create() throws Exception {
        // 插入5个用户
        userService.create("a", 1);
        userService.create("b", 2);
        userService.create("c", 3);
        userService.create("d", 4);
        userService.create("e", 5);

        Assert.assertEquals(5, userService.getAllUsers().intValue());
    }

    @Test
    public void deleteByName() throws Exception {
        userService.deleteByName("b");
        userService.deleteByName("c");

        Assert.assertEquals(3, userService.getAllUsers().intValue());
    }

    @Test
    public void getAllUsers() throws Exception {
    }

    @Test
    public void deleteAllUsers() throws Exception {
    }
}

Spring-data-jpa

引入pom依赖:pom.xml

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-jpa</artifactId>
</dependency>

application.properties创建数据库连接信息。

spring.datasource.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/test
spring.datasource.username=root
spring.datasource.password=123qweasd
spring.datasource.driver-class-name=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto=create-drop

spring.jpa.properties.hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto是hibernate的配置属性,其主要作用是:自动创建、更新、验证数据库表结构。该参数的几种配置如下:

  • create:每次加载hibernate时都会删除上一次的生成的表,然后根据你的model类再重新来生成新表,哪怕两次没有任何改变也要这样执行,这就是导致数据库表数据丢失的一个重要原因。
  • create-drop:每次加载hibernate时根据model类生成表,但是sessionFactory一关闭,表就自动删除。
  • update:最常用的属性,第一次加载hibernate时根据model类会自动建立起表的结构(前提是先建立好数据库),以后加载hibernate时根据model类自动更新表结构,即使表结构改变了但表中的行仍然存在不会删除以前的行。要注意的是当部署到服务器后,表结构是不会被马上建立起来的,是要等应用第一次运行起来后才会。
  • validate:每次加载hibernate时,验证创建数据库表结构,只会和数据库中的表进行比较,不会创建新表,但是会插入新值。

创建实体
创建一个User实体,包含id(主键)、name(姓名)、age(年龄)属性,通过ORM框架其会被映射到数据库表中,由于配置了hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto,在应用启动的时候框架会自动去数据库中创建对应的表。

User.java

package com.mindex.entities;

import lombok.Data;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;

@Data
@Entity
public class User {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue
    private Long id;

    @Column(nullable = false)
    private String name;

    @Column(nullable = false)
    private Integer age;

    public User(String name, Integer age) {
        this.name = name;
        this.age = age;
    }

    public User() {
    }
}

创建数据访问接口
下面针对User实体创建对应的Repository接口实现对该实体的数据访问,如下代码:UserRepository.java

package com.mindex.repository;

import com.mindex.entities.User;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.JpaRepository;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.Query;
import org.springframework.data.repository.query.Param;


public interface UserRepository extends JpaRepository<User, Long> {

    User findByName(String name);

    User findByNameAndAge(String name, Integer age);

    @Query("from User u where u.name=:name")
    User findUser(@Param("name") String name);

}

在Spring-data-jpa中,只需要编写类似上面这样的接口就可实现数据访问。不再像我们以往编写了接口时候还需要自己编写接口实现类,直接减少了我们的文件清单。

下面对上面的UserRepository做一些解释,该接口继承自JpaRepository,通过查看JpaRepository接口的API文档,可以看到该接口本身已经实现了创建(save)、更新(save)、删除(delete)、查询(findAll、findOne)等基本操作的函数,因此对于这些基础操作的数据访问就不需要开发者再自己定义。

在我们实际开发中,JpaRepository接口定义的接口往往还不够或者性能不够优化,我们需要进一步实现更复杂一些的查询或操作。由于本文重点在spring boot中整合spring-data-jpa,在这里先抛砖引玉简单介绍一下spring-data-jpa中让我们兴奋的功能,后续再单独开篇讲一下spring-data-jpa中的常见使用。

在上例中,我们可以看到下面两个函数:

  • User findByName(String name)
  • User findByNameAndAge(String name, Integer age)

它们分别实现了按name查询User实体和按name和age查询User实体,可以看到我们这里没有任何类SQL语句就完成了两个条件查询方法。这就是Spring-data-jpa的一大特性:通过解析方法名创建查询

除了通过解析方法名来创建查询外,它也提供通过使用@Query 注解来创建查询,您只需要编写JPQL语句,并通过类似“:name”来映射@Param指定的参数,就像例子中的第三个findUser函数一样。

Spring-data-jpa的能力远不止本文提到的这些,由于本文主要以整合介绍为主,对于Spring-data-jpa的使用只是介绍了常见的使用方式。诸如@Modifying操作、分页排序、原生SQL支持以及与Spring MVC的结合使用等等内容就不在本文中详细展开,这里先挖个坑,后续再补文章填坑,如您对这些感兴趣可以关注我博客或简书,同样欢迎大家留言交流想法。

单元测试
在完成了上面的数据访问接口之后,按照惯例就是编写对应的单元测试来验证编写的内容是否正确。这里就不多做介绍,主要通过数据操作和查询来反复验证操作的正确性。

package com.mindex.repository;

import com.mindex.entities.User;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;

@SpringBootTest
@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
public class UserRepositoryTest {

    @Autowired
    private UserRepository userRepository;

    @Test
    public void test() throws Exception {
        // 创建10条记录
        userRepository.save(new User("AAA", 10));
        userRepository.save(new User("BBB", 20));
        userRepository.save(new User("CCC", 30));
        userRepository.save(new User("DDD", 40));
        userRepository.save(new User("EEE", 50));
        userRepository.save(new User("FFF", 60));
        userRepository.save(new User("GGG", 70));
        userRepository.save(new User("HHH", 80));
        userRepository.save(new User("III", 90));
        userRepository.save(new User("JJJ", 100));

        // 测试findAll, 查询所有记录
        Assert.assertEquals(10, userRepository.findAll().size());

        // 测试findByName, 查询姓名为FFF的User
        Assert.assertEquals(60, userRepository.findByName("FFF").getAge().longValue());

        // 测试findUser, 查询姓名为FFF的User
        Assert.assertEquals(60, userRepository.findUser("FFF").getAge().longValue());

        // 测试findByNameAndAge, 查询姓名为FFF并且年龄为60的User
        Assert.assertEquals("FFF", userRepository.findByNameAndAge("FFF", 60).getName());

        // 测试删除姓名为AAA的User
        userRepository.delete(userRepository.findByName("AAA"));

        // 测试findAll, 查询所有记录, 验证上面的删除是否成功
        Assert.assertEquals(9, userRepository.findAll().size());
    }

}

集成Redis

手动配置集成Redis

引入POM依赖:pom.xml

<!--此处并不是直接使用spring提供的redis-starter-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>redis.clients</groupId>
    <artifactId>jedis</artifactId>
</dependency>

外部配置文件:application.yaml

jedis:
  host: 127.0.0.1
  port: 6379
  pool:
    max-idle: 300
    min-idle: 10
    max-total: 600
    max-wait: 1000
    block-when-exhausted: true

Java配置类(替代传统xml):RedisConfig.java

package com.mindex.config;

import lombok.Data;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Qualifier;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import redis.clients.jedis.JedisPool;
import redis.clients.jedis.JedisPoolConfig;

@Data
@Component
public class RedisConfig {

    @Bean("jedis.config")
    public JedisPoolConfig jedisPoolConfig(@Value("${jedis.pool.min-idle}") int minIdle,
                                           @Value("${jedis.pool.max-idle}") int maxIdle,
                                           @Value("${jedis.pool.max-wait}") int maxWaitMillis,
                                           @Value("${jedis.pool.block-when-exhausted}") boolean blockWhenExhausted,
                                           @Value("${jedis.pool.max-total}") int maxTotal) {

        JedisPoolConfig config = new JedisPoolConfig();
        config.setMinIdle(minIdle);
        config.setMaxIdle(maxIdle);
        config.setMaxWaitMillis(maxWaitMillis);
        config.setMaxTotal(maxTotal);
        // 连接耗尽时是否阻塞, false报异常,ture阻塞直到超时, 默认true
        config.setBlockWhenExhausted(blockWhenExhausted);
        // 是否启用pool的jmx管理功能, 默认true
        config.setJmxEnabled(true);
        return config;
    }

    @Bean
    public JedisPool jedisPool(@Qualifier("jedis.config") JedisPoolConfig config,
                               @Value("${jedis.host}") String host,
                               @Value("${jedis.port}") int port) {
        return new JedisPool(config, host, port);
    }
}

Service接口定义:RedisService.java

package com.mindex.service;

public interface RedisService {

    String get(String key);

    boolean set(String key, String val);

}

Service接口实现类:RedisServiceImpl.java

package com.mindex.service.impl;

import com.mindex.service.RedisService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import redis.clients.jedis.Jedis;
import redis.clients.jedis.JedisPool;

@Service
public class RedisServiceImpl implements RedisService {

    // 此处直接注入即可
    @Autowired
    private JedisPool jedisPool;

    @Override
    public String get(String key) {
        Jedis jedis = this.jedisPool.getResource();
        String ret;
        try {
            ret = jedis.get(key);
        } finally {
            if (jedis != null)
                jedis.close();
        }
        return ret;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean set(String key, String val) {
        Jedis jedis = this.jedisPool.getResource();
        try {
            return "OK".equals(jedis.set(key, val));
        } finally {
            if (jedis != null)
                jedis.close();
        }
    }

}

测试:RedisServiceImplTest.java

package com.mindex.service.impl;

import com.mindex.service.RedisService;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class RedisServiceImplTest {

    @Autowired
    private RedisService redisService;

    @Test
    public void testGet() {
        // test set
        boolean status = this.redisService.set("foo", "bar");
        Assert.assertTrue(status);

        // test get
        String str = this.redisService.get("foo");
        Assert.assertEquals("bar", str);
    }
}

在Redis中检查结果

使用spring-boot-starter-data-redis

外部配置文件:application.yaml

jedis:
  host: 127.0.0.1
  port: 6379
  pool:
    max-idle: 300
    min-idle: 10
    max-total: 600
    max-wait: 1000
    block-when-exhausted: true

配置类:RedisConfig1.java

package com.mindex.config;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.*;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.JdkSerializationRedisSerializer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer;

@Configuration
public class RedisConfig1 {

    @Autowired
    private RedisConnectionFactory redisConnectionFactory;

    /**
     * 实例化 RedisTemplate 对象
     *
     */
    @Bean
    public RedisTemplate<String, Object> functionDomainRedisTemplate() {
        RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate = new RedisTemplate<>();
        this.initRedisTemplate(redisTemplate, redisConnectionFactory);
        return redisTemplate;
    }

    /**
     * 序列化设置
     */
    private void initRedisTemplate(RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate, RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        redisTemplate.setKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setHashKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setHashValueSerializer(new JdkSerializationRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setValueSerializer(new JdkSerializationRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setConnectionFactory(factory);
    }

    @Bean
    public HashOperations<String, String, Object> hashOperations(RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForHash();
    }

    @Bean
    public ValueOperations<String, Object> valueOperations(RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForValue();
    }

    @Bean
    public ListOperations<String, Object> listOperations(RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForList();
    }

    @Bean
    public SetOperations<String, Object> setOperations(RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForSet();
    }

    @Bean
    public ZSetOperations<String, Object> zSetOperations(RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForZSet();
    }

}

简单测试:RedisAnotherConfigTest.java

package com.mindex;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.ValueOperations;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
import static org.junit.Assert.assertNotNull;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class RedisAnotherConfigTest {

    @Autowired
    private ValueOperations<String, Object> valueOperations;

    @Autowired
    private RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate;

    @Test
    public void contextLoads() {
    }

    @Test
    public void testStringOps() {
        this.valueOperations.set("k1", "spring-redis");

        Boolean hasKey = this.redisTemplate.hasKey("k1");
        assertEquals(true, hasKey);

        Object str = this.valueOperations.get("k1");
        assertNotNull(str);
        assertEquals("spring-redis", str.toString());
    }
}

邮件

使用JavaMailSender发送邮件

引入POM依赖:

<dependency>
     <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
     <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-mail</artifactId>
 </dependency>

增加配置:application.properties

注意:这里的password是邮箱授权码,不是邮箱密码。

spring.mail.host=smtp.qq.com
spring.mail.username=85648606@qq.com
spring.mail.password=clqpsraiifwqbidg
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.auth=true
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.starttls.enable=true
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.starttls.required=true

单元测试:MailTest.java

package com.mindex;

import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.test.context.SpringBootTest;
import org.springframework.mail.SimpleMailMessage;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSender;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringRunner;

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class MailTest {

    @Autowired
    private JavaMailSender mailSender;

    @Test
    public void sendSimpleMail() throws Exception {
        SimpleMailMessage message = new SimpleMailMessage();
        message.setFrom("85648606@qq.com");
        message.setTo("wfgdlut@msn.com");
        message.setSubject("主题:简单邮件");
        message.setText("测试邮件内容");

        mailSender.send(message);
    }
}

发送html格式邮件

@Test
    public void sendAttachmentsMail() throws Exception {

        MimeMessage mimeMessage = mailSender.createMimeMessage();
        MimeMessageHelper mimeMessageHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage);
        mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("85648606@qq.com");
        mimeMessageHelper.setTo("wfgdlut@msn.com");
        mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("Spring Boot Mail 邮件测试【HTML】");

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append("<html><head></head>");
        sb.append("<body><h1>spring 邮件测试</h1><p>hello!this is spring mail test。</p></body>");
        sb.append("</html>");

        // 启用html
        mimeMessageHelper.setText(sb.toString(), true);
        // 发送邮件
        mailSender.send(mimeMessage);

        System.out.println("邮件已发送");

    }

发送包含内嵌图片的邮件

/**
     * 发送包含内嵌图片的邮件
     *
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Test
    public void sendAttachedImageMail() throws Exception {
        MimeMessage mimeMessage = mailSender.createMimeMessage();
        // multipart模式
        MimeMessageHelper mimeMessageHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage, true);
        mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("85648606@qq.com");
        mimeMessageHelper.setTo("wfgdlut@msn.com");
        mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("Spring Boot Mail 邮件测试【图片】");

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append("<html><head></head>");
        sb.append("<body><h1>spring 邮件测试</h1><p>hello!this is spring mail test。</p>");
        // cid为固定写法,imageId指定一个标识
        sb.append("<img src=\"cid:imageId\"/></body>");
        sb.append("</html>");

        // 启用html
        mimeMessageHelper.setText(sb.toString(), true);

        // 设置imageId
        FileSystemResource img = new FileSystemResource(new File("/Users/kwang/IdeaProjects/SpringBootDemoProject/src/main/resources/static/test.png"));
        mimeMessageHelper.addInline("imageId", img);

        // 发送邮件
        mailSender.send(mimeMessage);

        System.out.println("邮件已发送");
    }

发送包含附件的邮件

/**
     * 发送包含附件的邮件
     * @throws Exception
     */
    @Test
    public void sendAttendedFileMail() throws Exception {
        MimeMessage mimeMessage = mailSender.createMimeMessage();
        // multipart模式
        MimeMessageHelper mimeMessageHelper = new MimeMessageHelper(mimeMessage, true, "utf-8");
        mimeMessageHelper.setFrom("85648606@qq.com");
        mimeMessageHelper.setTo("wfgdlut@msn.com");
        mimeMessageHelper.setSubject("Spring Boot Mail 邮件测试【附件】");

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        sb.append("<html><head></head>");
        sb.append("<body><h1>spring 邮件测试</h1><p>hello!this is spring mail test。</p></body>");
        sb.append("</html>");

        // 启用html
        mimeMessageHelper.setText(sb.toString(), true);
        // 设置附件
        FileSystemResource img = new FileSystemResource(new File("/Users/kwang/IdeaProjects/SpringBootDemoProject/src/main/resources/static/test.png"));
        mimeMessageHelper.addAttachment("test.png", img);

        // 发送邮件
        mailSender.send(mimeMessage);

        System.out.println("邮件已发送");
    }
登录 后评论
下一篇
云栖号资讯小编
1732人浏览
2020-06-29
相关推荐
Git学习笔记 - 钢钢更新
1543人浏览
2018-05-06 00:24:45
SpringBoot自学笔记(三)
1447人浏览
2016-11-29 08:47:00
《Spring Boot Cookbook》阅读笔记
3539人浏览
2016-06-07 11:38:40
Spring Boot笔记——3
1026人浏览
2017-06-22 21:54:22
SpringBoot自学笔记(四)
1545人浏览
2016-11-29 09:34:00
SpringBoot自学笔记(二)
1382人浏览
2016-11-24 14:46:00
SpringBoot自学笔记(一)
1440人浏览
2016-11-21 11:36:00
Spring boot 学习笔记
951人浏览
2017-11-18 22:13:00
springboot学习笔记-thymeleaf
1447人浏览
2018-06-05 10:15:00
python:爬虫入门
964人浏览
2018-04-17 10:01:00
2
3
1
19298