VMware下的ubuntun安装vmware-tool

余二五 2017-11-15

linux ubuntu rpm kernel 控制台

VMware Tools位置:VMware的安装路径\VMware\VMware Workstation\linux.iso

启动后按Esc选择recovery mode登陆.然后点击"虚拟机"→"安装VMware Tools".

[root@rd01 ~]# mount /cdrom
# 有时可能加载不了,这时就要先将系统关闭,再手动指定 ISO 映像:

[root@rd01 ~]# cd /cdrom
[root@rd01 ~]# ls -a
[root@rd01 ~]# cp VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz /tmp
[root@rd01 ~]# cd /tmp
[root@rd01 ~]# tar zxpf VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz
[root@rd01 ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib
[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl
Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format.

Installing the content of the package.

# 安装过程的画面,全部使用默认值,一直按 Enter 就对了

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin]

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?
[/etc/rc.d]

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/rc.d/init.d]

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin]

In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]

Thepath "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This programisgoingto create it, including needed parent directories. Is thiswhatyou want?
[yes]

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]

Thepath "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently.Thisprogram isgoing to create it, including needed parent directories.Isthis what you want?
[yes]

The installation of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want
this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]

Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:

Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]
Trying to find a suitable vmhgfs module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

pcnet32 30153 0
Unloading pcnet32 module

Trying to find a suitable vmxnet module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

Detected X.org version 6.8.

关闭控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]
启动控制台鼠标服务: [ 确定 ]

Please choose one of the following display sizes (1 - 13):

# 显示分辨率,这里是以 1024x768 为例

# VMware Tools 安装的时候,会自动修改 X server 的配置文件

[1] "640x480"
[2]< "800x600"
[3] "1024x768"
[4] "1152x864"
[5] "1280x800"
[6] "1152x900"
[7] "1280x1024"
[8] "1376x1032"
[9] "1400x1050"
[10] "1680x1050"
[11] "1600x1200"
[12] "1920x1200"
[13] "2364x1773"
Please enter a number between 1 and 13:

[2] 3
X Window System Version 6.8.2
Release Date: 9 February 2005
X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 6.8.2
Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-34.EL i686 [ELF]
Current Operating System: Linux rd01.domain 2.6.9-34.EL #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 i686
Build Date: 04 May 2006
Build Host: x8664-build.centos.org

Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.X.Org
to make sure that you have the latest version.
Module Loader present
OSKernel: Linux version 2.6.9-34.EL (buildcentos@build-i386) (gccversion3.4.5 20051201 (Red Hat 3.4.5-2)) #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006P
Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,
(++) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,
(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.
(++) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3131", Time: Mon Jun 12 20:57:34 2006
(++) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3131"
(WW) VMWARE(0): Failed to set up write-combining range (0xf0000000,0x1000000)

X is running fine with the new config file.

Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:
Switching to guest configuration: [ 确定 ]
Guest filesystem driver: [ 确定 ]
DMA setup: [ 确定 ]
Guest operating system daemon: [ 确定 ]

The configuration of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take
effect.

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command:
"/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an XFree86 session.

To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands:
/etc/init.d/network stop
rmmod pcnet32
rmmod vmxnet
depmod -a
modprobe vmxnet
/etc/init.d/network start

Enjoy,

--the VMware team

[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# shutdown -r now

# 修改完成之后,重新启动计算机,让 VMware Tools 生效.

==

重启后,你可能会发现还是要按"Ctrl+Alt"释放鼠标(VM6.0没这问题了),因为我用的是5.5.3,所以要手动执行才有效果.
通过终端运行VMware-Tools:
点击Ubuntu桌面左上角的Applications→附件→终端,会打开一个类似Windows中记事本的程序,在里面输入以下内容($是自带的,不用专门输入):

$ /usr/bin/vmware-toolbox

但如果你嫌麻烦,我们就需要让vmware-toolbox实现开机自动运行。点击Ubuntu菜单:System→首选项→会话→Startup Programs,Add一个Name叫“vmware-toolbox”,Command是“/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox”的启动程序。这样每次开机后就能自动运行VMware Tools了。重启Ubuntu看看效果吧!(注意:vmware-toolbox并不是在后台隐藏运行的,启动后不要关闭)。

VMware Tools固然是个好东西,但也有副作用,比如说:虚拟机中的鼠标的滚轮不好使了。我们这样解决这个问题,还是打开终端,输入:

$ sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

这个命令使系统以root权限打开鼠标配置文件/etc/X11/xorg.conf。把文件中的

Option “Protocol” “ps/2”

改成

Option “Protocol” “IMPS/2”

重启Ubuntu搞定

引用

Ubuntu的软件包格式是deb,如果要安装rpm的包,则要先用alien把rpm转换成deb。

sudo apt-get install alien #alien默认没有安装,所以首先要安装它

sudo alien xxxx.rpm #将rpm转换位deb,完成后会生成一个同名的xxxx.deb

sudo dpkg -i xxxx.deb #安装

注意,用alien转换的deb包并不能保证100%顺利安装,所以可以找到deb最好直接用deb

有时候,我们想要使用的软件并没有被包含到 Ubuntu 的仓库中,而程序本身也没有提供让 Ubuntu 可以使用的 deb 包,你又不愿从源代码编译。但假如软件提供有 rpm 包的话,我们也是可以在 Ubuntu 中安装的。

方法一:

1. 先安装 alien 和 fakeroot 这两个工具,其中前者可以将 rpm 包转换为 deb 包。安装命令为:

sudo apt-get install alien fakeroot

2. 将需要安装的 rpm 包下载备用,假设为 package.rpm。

3. 使用 alien 将 rpm 包转换为 deb 包:

fakeroot alien package.rpm

4. 一旦转换成功,我们可以即刻使用以下指令来安装:

sudo dpkg -i package.deb

方法二:

1.CODE:

sudo apt-get install rpm alien

2.CODE:

alien -d package.rpm

3.CODE:

sudo dpkg -i package.deb 




本文转自 tiger506 51CTO博客,原文链接:http://blog.51cto.com/tiger506/161593,如需转载请自行联系原作者

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