spring cloud微服务分布式云架构-Gateway入门

2019-03-20 16:16:53 1411

Spring Cloud Gateway是Spring官方基于Spring 5.0,Spring Boot 2.0和Project Reactor等技术开发的网关,Spring Cloud Gateway旨在为微服务架构提供一种简单而有效的统一的API路由管理方式。Spring Cloud Gateway作为Spring Cloud生态系中的网关,目标是替代Netflix ZUUL,其不仅提供统一的路由方式,并且基于Filter链的方式提供了网关基本的功能,例如:安全,监控/埋点,和限流等。

入门案例

接下来,介绍一下简单使用SpringCloud Gateway路由功能

创建项目

新建一个项目,项目种加入SpringCloud Gateway依赖,完整pom如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
 
    <groupId>com.dalaoyang</groupId>
    <artifactId>springcloud_gateway</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>
 
    <name>springcloud_gateway</name>
    <description>springcloud_gateway</description>
 
    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>2.0.0.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>
 
    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
        <spring-cloud.version>Finchley.RC1</spring-cloud.version>
    </properties>
 
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-cloud-starter-gateway</artifactId>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
 
    <dependencyManagement>
        <dependencies>
            <dependency>
                <groupId>org.springframework.cloud</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-cloud-dependencies</artifactId>
                <version>${spring-cloud.version}</version>
                <type>pom</type>
                <scope>import</scope>
            </dependency>
        </dependencies>
    </dependencyManagement>
 
    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
 
 
</project>

SpringBoot主程序

在类中配置路由

主程序中加入了一种配置路由的方法,利用@Bean的方式自定义RouteLocator。

package com.dalaoyang;
 
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.route.RouteLocator;
import org.springframework.cloud.gateway.route.builder.RouteLocatorBuilder;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
 
 
@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringcloudGatewayApplication {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(SpringcloudGatewayApplication.class, args);
    }
 
 
 
    @Bean
    public RouteLocator customRouteLocator(RouteLocatorBuilder builder) {
        return builder.routes()
                .route(r -> r.path("/jianshu")
                        .uri("http://www.jianshu.com/u/128b6effde53")
                ).build();
    }
 
}

在配置文件中配置:

server:
  port: 8888
 
spring:
  application:
    name: gateway-service
  cloud:
    gateway:
      routes:
      - id: dalaoyang
        uri: http://www.dalaoyang.cn/
        predicates:
          - Path=/dalaoyang/**
      - id: juejin
        uri: https://juejin.im/user/5aa50b96f265da23866f836e
        predicates:
          - Path=/juejin/**

              //Spring Cloud大型企业分布式微服务云架构源码
               //请加一七九一七四三三八零 

到这里配置完成了。

分布式 Java核心技术 java Cloud Apache spring 配置 微服务 Maven scope 云架构

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