JSON

2019-03-18 17:11:47 2730

JSON:
         也是一个标记语言,他的好处是解析比xml方便的多
JSON:
          需要引入一个,json包

JSON:
         简单的取值与赋值

package com.kaige123.json;

import org.json.JSONObject;

public class Test {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Student student=new Student();//创建对象

        student.setName("李四");//给对象赋值
        student.setAddress("湖南");
        student.setAge(12);
        student.setEmail("123@qq.com");

        JSONObject jsonObject=new JSONObject(student);//将对象的值交给JSONObject对象
        System.out.println(jsonObject.getString("name"));//可以通过赋值的对象来取对象中的值

        String jsonStr=jsonObject.toString();//将对象中的json值给 jsonStr
        jsonObject=new JSONObject(jsonStr);//将值交给JSONObject对象
        System.out.println(jsonObject.getString("name"));//通过对象中的方法来取值


    }
}

JSON:json的解析原理

package com.kaige123.json;

import org.json.JSONObject;

public class TestJieXi {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        String josnStr="{\"address\":\"湖南\",\"name\":\"李四\",\"age\":12,\"email\":\"123@qq.com\"}";//将值交给字符串


        JSONObject jsonObject=new JSONObject(josnStr);//将值交给JSONObject对象

        System.out.println(jsonObject.getString("name"));//通过方法解析对象,拿到对象中的值
        System.out.println(jsonObject.getString("address"));
        System.out.println(jsonObject.getString("email"));
        System.out.println(jsonObject.getInt("age"));


    }
}

JSON:对象嵌套
public class Dog {

    private String name;
    private float age;
}
package com.kaige123.json;

public class Student {
    
    private String name;
    private String address;
    private String email;
    private int age;
    private Dog dog;
}
嵌套对象取值:

package com.kaige123.json;

import org.json.JSONObject;

public class TestStudentDog {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Student student = new Student();
        student.setName("张三");
        student.setEmail("123@qq.com");
        student.setAge(12);
        student.setAddress("湖南郴州");
        Dog dog = new Dog();
        dog.setName("旺财");
        dog.setAge(12);
        student.setDog(dog);

        JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject(student);

        System.out.println(jsonObject.toString());
        //JSONObject student的值{"address":"湖南郴州","name":"张三","dog":{"name":"旺财","age":12},"email":"123@qq.com","age":12}

        System.out.println("name:" + jsonObject.getString("name"));
        JSONObject jsonObject1 = jsonObject.getJSONObject("dog");
        //那到jsonObject对象 里面是student对象 再通过方法拿到dog对象交给jsonObject1
        System.out.println(jsonObject1.getString("name"));
        //再通过jsonObject1拿到dog中的属性

    }
}

JSON:数组对象取值

package com.kaige123.json;

import org.json.JSONArray;
import org.json.JSONObject;

public class TestStudentDogArray {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Student[] students=new Student[2];//创建对象数组

        Student student=new Student();
        student.setName("张三");
        student.setEmail("123@qq.com");
        student.setAge(12);
        student.setAddress("湖南郴州");
        Dog dog=new Dog();
        dog.setName("旺财");
        dog.setAge(12);
        student.setDog(dog);
        students[0]=student;//给数组对象赋值

        student=new Student();
        student.setName("张三1");
        student.setEmail("123@qq.com1");
        student.setAge(14);
        student.setAddress("湖南郴州1");
        dog=new Dog();
        dog.setName("旺财1");
        dog.setAge(121);
        student.setDog(dog);
        students[1]=student;//给数组对象赋值

        JSONArray jsonObject=new JSONArray(students);
        //对象的接口 JSONArray 将数组对象交给JSONArray接口
        System.out.println(jsonObject);

        String jsonStr=jsonObject.toString();
        JSONArray jsonArray=new JSONArray(jsonStr);
//[{"address":"湖南郴州","name":"张三","dog":{"name":"旺财","age":12},"age":12,"email":"123@qq.com"},
// {"address":"湖南郴州1","name":"张三1","dog":{"name":"旺财1","age":121},"age":14,"email":"123@qq.com1"}] 两个对象值
        for(int i=0;i<jsonArray.length();i++){//通过jsonArray.length()方法拿到数组长度
            JSONObject jsonObject1=jsonArray.getJSONObject(i);
            //json取值接口JSONObject 通过数组对象中的jsonArray.getJSONObject(i)方法来获得数组中的一个个对象
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getString("name"));
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getString("address"));
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getString("email"));
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getInt("age"));
            JSONObject jsonObject2=jsonObject1.getJSONObject("dog");
            //嵌套对象取值通过jsonObject1嵌套对象中的jsonObject1.getJSONObject("dog")方法来取得被嵌套对象的数据
            System.out.println("----Dog-----");
            System.out.println(jsonObject2.getString("name"));//再通过方法取值
            System.out.println(jsonObject2.getFloat("age"));
            System.out.println("----Dog-----");
        }
    }
}



JSON:集合对象取值

package com.kaige123.json;

import org.json.JSONArray;
import org.json.JSONObject;

import java.util.Vector;

public class TestStudentDogVector {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Vector vector = new Vector();
        //创建集合对象
        //集合比数组要厉害 因为可以添加很多个对象  数组是控制长度的储存器

        Student student = new Student();
        student.setName("张三");
        student.setEmail("123@qq.com");
        student.setAge(12);
        student.setAddress("湖南郴州");
        Dog dog = new Dog();
        dog.setName("旺财");
        dog.setAge(12);
        student.setDog(dog);
        vector.add(student);//将对象交给集合

        student = new Student();
        student.setName("张三1");
        student.setEmail("123@qq.com1");
        student.setAge(14);
        student.setAddress("湖南郴州1");
        dog = new Dog();
        dog.setName("旺财1");
        dog.setAge(121);
        student.setDog(dog);
        vector.add(student);//将对象交给集合

        JSONArray jsonObject = new JSONArray(vector);//创建接受集合对象
        for (int i = 0; i < jsonObject.length(); i++) {
            JSONObject jsonObject1 = jsonObject.getJSONObject(i);//将集合中的对象给 JSONObject对象
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getString("name"));//通过JSONObject对象来拿去对象中的值
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getString("address"));
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getString("email"));
            System.out.println(jsonObject1.getInt("age"));
            JSONObject jsonObject2 = jsonObject1.getJSONObject("dog");
            //嵌套对象取值通过jsonObject1嵌套对象中的jsonObject1.getJSONObject("dog")方法来取得被嵌套对象的数据
            //将值叫给JSONObject对象再通过对象来拿去对象中的值
            System.out.println("----Dog-----");
            System.out.println(jsonObject2.getString("name"));
            System.out.println(jsonObject2.getFloat("age"));
            System.out.println("----Dog-----");
        }
    }
}


JSON:中的忽略与添加

package com.kaige123.json;

import org.json.JSONObject;
import org.json.JSONTokener;

public class TestStudentDogQuChu {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        Student student=new Student();
        student.setName("张三");
        student.setEmail("123@qq.com");
        student.setAge(12);
        student.setAddress("湖南郴州");
        Dog dog=new Dog();
        dog.setName("旺财");
        dog.setAge(12);
        student.setDog(dog);

        JSONObject jsonObject=new JSONObject(student);
        jsonObject.remove("email");//取出对象中的某一行数据、每个JSON插件中的忽略代码都不一样
        jsonObject.remove("address");
        jsonObject.put("phone","13900000000");//添加一行数据 只是这个对象
        System.out.println(jsonObject.toString());
    }
}

JSON中的API查询

public class URLConn {
//连接代码
    public static String openAPI(String url, String charset) {
        String body = "";
        try {
            URLConnection conn = new URL(url).openConnection();
            conn.connect();
            conn.setReadTimeout(50000);//读取超时
            BufferedReader bufferedReader =
                    new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                            conn.getInputStream(), charset));
            StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
            String line = null;
            while ((line = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                stringBuffer.append(line);
            }
            bufferedReader.close();
            return stringBuffer.toString();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("访问出错");
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return body;

    }
}



package com.kaige123.json;

import org.json.JSONObject;

public class TestAPIJson {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
     String body=URLConn.openAPI(
              "http://v.juhe.cn/sms/send?mobile=&tpl_id=52299&tpl_value=%23code%23%3D&key=",//请求实例
               "UTF-8");//编码格式
      System.out.println(body);//打印结果
    }
}


Json string static class email 数组

作者

死瘦宅
TA的文章

相关文章