(ElasticsSearch学习)歌词检索Demo的实现:一. 爬取歌词信息,写入ES

9月前 1182

1.说明

2. 歌词网站分析

此处采用了比较笨的一种方式,即逐个分析每个请求的url,这样可以方便代码编写,就不用模拟器了(如需使用模拟器可参考使用cdp4j模拟点击事件等,但简单试了下不是很好用,且效率低)

a) 歌手获取分析

http://www.kuwo.cn/artist/index 查看分页按钮的click事件,从js中找到分页请求的url
image
从click事件的artist.js中找到相关url如下图所示
image
其中pn参数即为页码参数

var b = host + "/artist/indexAjax?category=" + index + "&prefix=" + $("#artistContent").attr("data-letter") + "&pn=" + pn;

http://www.kuwo.cn/artist/indexAjax?category=0&prefix=&pn=5

返回结果如下图所示,即可获取各个歌手的链接,取得每个歌手名字的链接url即为歌手详情页。
image
接下来代码中只要循环遍历即可。

b)歌词分页获取分析

歌手详情页如:http://www.kuwo.cn/artist/content?name=%E5%88%98%E7%8F%82%E7%9F%A3
image

同样查看分页按钮click事件的js相关代码,可以找到如下url,以获取分页歌词信息。
image

如:http://www.kuwo.cn//artist/contentMusicsAjax?artistId=2&pn=1&rn=100
其中artistId为歌手id,pn为分页参数
接下来循环遍历即可

c)歌词获取分析

每首歌歌词的详情页,从上面已经可以循环遍历到,详情页如下,
跟进html元素获取到相应歌词信息即可
image
注意:此处有时因为无版权,无法显示歌词,需要增加异常处理

3. 项目配置

maven配置如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
    <groupId>org.lewis</groupId>
    <artifactId>crawlerToES</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j-api</artifactId>
            <version>2.10.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
            <artifactId>log4j-core</artifactId>
            <version>2.10.0</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>io.webfolder</groupId>
            <artifactId>cdp4j</artifactId>
            <version>2.2.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.jsoup</groupId>
            <artifactId>jsoup</artifactId>
            <version>1.9.2</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch.client</groupId>
            <artifactId>x-pack-transport</artifactId>
            <version>5.3.3</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.elasticsearch</groupId>
            <artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>
            <optional>true</optional>
            <version>5.3.3</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-lang</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-lang</artifactId>
            <version>2.6</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-compiler-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <source>1.8</source>
                    <target>1.8</target>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                    <descriptorRefs>
                        <descriptorRef>jar-with-dependencies</descriptorRef>
                    </descriptorRefs>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <artifactId>maven-jar-plugin</artifactId>
                <configuration>
                </configuration>
            </plugin>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <id>copy-dependencies</id>
                        <phase>package</phase>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>copy-dependencies</goal>
                        </goals>
                        <configuration>
                            <outputDirectory>${project.build.directory}/lib</outputDirectory>
                        </configuration>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

4. 爬虫解析代码

a)获取歌手

public static List<String> getSingers() {
        String url = host + "/artist/indexAjax?category=0&prefix=&pn=%d";
        List<String> singer_urls = new ArrayList<String>();
        int i = 0;
        int max_len = 10000;
        String last = null;
        while (true) {
            String cur_url = String.format(url, i);
            try {
                if(i>=max_len){
                    break;
                }
                Document doc = Jsoup.connect(cur_url).get();
                String cur = doc.text();
                if (cur.equals(last)) {
                    break;
                }
                Elements a_name = doc.getElementsByClass("a_name");

                for (int i1 = 0; i1 < a_name.size(); i1++) {
                    Element a = a_name.get(i1);
                    String singer_url = a.attr("href");
                    System.out.println(singer_url);
                    singer_urls.add(singer_url);
                }
                last = cur;
                i++;

            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return singer_urls;
    }

b)获取某歌手的所有歌曲

    public static List<String> getSongs(String singer_url) {
        Document doc = null;
        List<String> song_urls = new ArrayList<String>();
        try {
            doc = Jsoup.connect(host + singer_url).get();
            String artistid = doc.getElementsByClass("artistTop").get(0).attr("data-artistid");
            String url = "/artist/contentMusicsAjax?artistId=%s&pn=%d&rn=100";
            int i = 0;
            String last = null;
            while (true) {
                String cur_url = String.format(url, artistid, i);
                doc = Jsoup.connect(host + cur_url).get();
                String cur = doc.text();
                if (cur.equals(last)) {
                    break;
                }
                Elements songs = doc.getElementsByClass("listMusic").get(0).children();
                for (int j = 0; j < songs.size(); j++) {
                    Element song = songs.get(j);
                    String name = song.getElementsByClass("name").get(0).text();
                    String href = song.getElementsByClass("name").get(0).getElementsByTag("a").get(0).attr("href");
//                    System.out.println(name+":"+href);
                    song_urls.add(href);
                }
                i++;
                last = cur;
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            return song_urls;
        }
    }

c)获取某歌曲的歌词

public static SongBean getSong(String song_url) {
        try {
            Document doc = Jsoup.connect(host+song_url).get();
            Element div_song = doc.getElementById("musiclrc");
//            System.out.println(host+song_url);
            if(div_song==null){
                logger.info(song_url + "无法获取歌曲内容,可能是无版权!");
                return null;
            }
            String song_name = div_song.getElementById("lrcName").text();
            String singer = div_song.getElementsByClass("artist").get(0).getElementsByTag("span").get(0).getElementsByTag("a").get(0).text();
            String album = div_song.getElementsByClass("album").get(0).getElementsByTag("span").get(0).getElementsByTag("a").get(0).text();
            StringBuffer lyric = new StringBuffer();
            if(div_song.getElementById("llrcId")!=null) {
                Elements lyric_ps = div_song.getElementById("llrcId").children();
                for (int i = 0; i < lyric_ps.size(); i++) {
                    lyric.append(lyric_ps.get(i).text() + "\n");
                }
            }else{
                lyric.append("暂无歌词");
            }
            SongBean song = new SongBean(song_name,host+song_url,lyric.toString(),singer,album);
//            System.out.println(String.format("%s:%s",song.getName(),song.getSinger()));
            return song;

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

5. 写入es

a)创建ElasticSearch Client

public static TransportClient openClient(String host, String clusterName, String securityUser){
        Settings settings = null;
        if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(securityUser)) {
            settings = Settings.builder()
                    .put("cluster.name", clusterName)
                    .put("xpack.security.user",securityUser)
                    .build();
        } else {
            settings = Settings.builder()
                    .put("cluster.name", clusterName).build();
        }

        TransportClient transportClient = new PreBuiltXPackTransportClient(settings);
        String ip = host.split(":")[0].trim();
        int port = Integer.parseInt(host.split(":")[1].trim());
        InetAddress add = null;
        try {
            add = InetAddress.getByName(ip);
        } catch (UnknownHostException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        transportClient.addTransportAddress(new InetSocketTransportAddress(add, port));
        return transportClient;
    }

b)批量写入elasticsearch

public static void writeToES(List<SongBean> list) throws Exception {
        BulkRequestBuilder blukBuilder = client.prepareBulk();
        for (SongBean song : list) {
            IndexRequestBuilder indexBuilder =  client.prepareIndex(es_indexName,es_indexType);
            HashMap<String,String> map  = new HashMap<>();
            map.put("name",song.getName());
            map.put("singer",song.getSinger());
            map.put("album",song.getAlbum());
            map.put("href",song.getHref());
            map.put("lyric",song.getLyric());
            indexBuilder.setSource(map);
            indexBuilder.setTimeout("5d");
            blukBuilder.add(indexBuilder);
        }
        BulkResponse bulkResponse = blukBuilder.execute().actionGet();
        logger.info(String.format("write to elasticsearch songs count = %d",list.size()));
        if (bulkResponse.hasFailures()) {
            throw new Exception(bulkResponse.buildFailureMessage());
        }
    }

6. 结果验证

爬取完歌曲数据后,登录阿里云ElasticSearch控制台,在Kibana控制台中,使用Dev Tools查询爬取到的歌曲数据,如下:

POST songs/sample/_search
{
  "query": {
    "match_all": {}
  }
}

image

大数据 Elasticsearch 爬虫 jsoup

作者

弘锐66
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